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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Identification of carbohydrate parameters in commercial unripe banana flour

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Author(s):
Hoffmann Sarda, Fabiana A. [1, 2] ; de Lima, Fernanda N. R. [1] ; Lopes, Nathalie T. T. [1] ; Santos, Aline de O. [1, 2] ; Tobaruela, Eric de C. [1, 2] ; Kato, Edna T. M. [3] ; Menezes, Elizabete W. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Food & Expt Nutr, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Food Res Ctr FoRC CEPID FAPESP, Food & Nutr Res Ctr NAPAN, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Pharm, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Food Research International; v. 81, p. 203-209, MAR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Unripe banana flour (UBF), which is rich in resistant starch (RS), has shown several, positive physiological effects in clinical trials. Although such observations encourage the emergence of UBF in the food market, specific identity or quality standards for the product are still lacking. This work aimed to assess and propose characterization parameters for commercially available UBF. The results showed that three of the brands examined presented a RS content higher than 40%, whereas nine showed a lower content, with two having less than 10% RS and over 80% total starch, which was fully identified as cereal starch by light microscopy (LM). The presence of banana peel in the flour was correlated with the lipid (r = 0.870), ash (r = 0.812), protein (r = 0.704) and total starch (r = 0.761) contents. According to principal components analysis (PCA) and LM identification, the main parameters for the characterization of commercial UBFs are the contents of RS, dietary fiber, lipid and ash. The large variability in RS content (4 to 62%) found in commercial UBFs is one reason why consumers would benefit from additional labeling information, such as the inclusion of the RS and soluble sugar (SS) contents, the unripe banana cultivar used, and indications about use of the peel. Moreover, adulterations could be verified by food inspection agencies via LM, which can be used as a tool to identify the type and state of the starch present. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24607-9 - Impact of a functional ingredient on intestinal microbiota and satiety in healthy volunteers
Grantee:Elizabete Wenzel de Menezes
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07914-8 - FoRC - Food Research Center
Grantee:Bernadette Dora Gombossy de Melo Franco
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC