Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Implant retainers for free-end removable partial dentures affect mastication and nutrient intake

Full text
Campos, Camila Heitor [1] ; Vega Goncalves, Thais Marques Simek [1] ; Matheus Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Prosthodont & Periodontol, BR-13414903 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research; v. 25, n. 8, p. 957-961, AUG 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 11

Objectives: This study measured swallowing threshold parameters and nutrient intake in partially dentate subjects rehabilitated by conventional free-end removable partial dentures (RPD) and by RPD over posterior implant retainers and ball attachments (BA). Materials and methods: Eight subjects (two men and six women; mean age 60.1 +/- 6.6 years old) received conventional total maxillary dentures and free-end RPD in the mandible. Two months after denture insertion, swallowing threshold and nutrient intake assessments occurred, which included an evaluation of the number of masticatory cycles and medium particle size (X-50) of a silicone test material (Optocal). A 3-day food diary verified nutrient intake based on a standard Brazilian Food Composition Table. Then, osseointegrated implants were placed bilaterally in the mandibular first molar region, followed by BA, which was fitted in the RPD bases after healing. After 2 months of the RPD over implants and BA use, variables were again assessed. Wilcoxon signed rank tests evaluated the data (P < 0.05). Results: Masticatory cycles did not differ (P > 0.05); however, subjects showed decreased X-50 values at the swallowing moment (P = 0.008) and increased daily energy (P = 0.008), carbohydrate (P = 0.016), protein (P = 0.023), calcium (P = 0.008), fiber (P = 0.016), and iron (P = 0.016) intake with RPD implants and BA inserts. No differences were found in fat consumption (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Implants and BA retainers over a free-end RPD resulted in smaller swallowed median particle size and improved nutrient intake. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/12251-0 - Masticatory function, quality of life and nutritional status of patients rehabilitated by removable and fixed prostheses on osseointegrated implants
Grantee:Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants