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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Changes in Nanoscale Porosity by Wet Pressing Pulps from Sugarcane Bagasse

Oliveira, Marcelo M. [1, 2] ; Driemeier, Carlos [1] ; Curvelo, Antonio A. S. [1, 3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] CNPEM, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, EESC, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, IQSC, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIORESOURCES; v. 10, n. 4, p. 8518-8527, NOV 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Nanoscale porosity is critical for cellulose reactivity and can be detrimentally affected by wet pressing. The present study evaluated how wet pressing reduced the nanoscale porosity of a set of pulps produced from sugarcane bagasse. The pulps were produced using hydrothermal treatments, followed by either 160 degrees C alkaline (sodium hydroxide) or 190 degrees C organosolv (ethanol-water) pulping. Pulping times (20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 min) and applied pressures in the pressing step (21, 43, 64, 85, and 107 MPa) were varied, and the resulting samples had their nanoscale porosity characterized using calorimetric thermoporometry. The lowest applied pressure (21 MPa) collapsed a considerable fraction of the nanoscale porosities. Otherwise, when additional pressure (up to 107 MPa) was applied, a much lower reduction in porosity was observed. The findings indicate that nanoscale porosity of pulps can be separated into compressible and incompressible components. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/14746-9 - Wet pressing of sugarcane bagasse submitted to different treatments: evolution of porosity and effects of composition
Grantee:Marcelo Miranda de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master