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Between Vargas and Mussolini: the nationalization of the Instituto Médio Ítalo-Brasileiro Dante Alighieri

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Fernanda Franchini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Educação (FE/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Diana Goncalves Vidal; João Fábio Bertonha; Terciane Angela Luchese
Advisor: Diana Goncalves Vidal

During the New State (Estado Novo), many educational institutions and teachers were intensely surveilled. Once school education constituted one of the most important pillars of the project of construction of a Brazilian nationality, everything that could be able to break this ideal should be refrained. The following work describes the process of intervention for the nationalization as well as the accusation of fascism dissemination suffered by the teachers, the employees and the principals of the Instituto Médio Ítalo- Brasileiro Dante Alighieri, institution located in the surroundings of Paulista Avenue, in the city of Sao Paulo. Such things happened after the statement of support made by the Brazilian Government to the Allies throughout the Second World War. The discussion held in the present work is based on the first phases of the history of the institution which precede the intervention period the ceremonies and the symbols cultivated by the scholar community, the accusations and the defense tactics present in the police reports, and finally the actions related to the books that composed the library. Throughout the chapters, the ways of identification of the educational project are addressed, highlighting the moment the two national proposals started to oppose one another: on the one hand the Italy of Mussolini and the fascist propaganda, and on the other, Vargas policies, in an attempt to build the Brazilian nationality. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/19173-0 - The Italian education in São Paulo: between Vargas and Mussolini
Grantee:Fernanda Franchini
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master