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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Trade-Off Analysis among Multiple Water Uses in a Hydropower System: Case of Sao Francisco River Basin, Brazil

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Mendes, Ludmilson Abritta [1] ; Leme de Barros, Mario Thadeu [2] ; Zambon, Renato Carlos [2] ; Yeh, William W-G. [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Fed Univ Sergipe UFS, Dept Civil Engn, BR-49100000 Sao Cristovao, SE - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, Polytech Sch, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Los Angeles, CA 90095 - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 9

This paper evaluates the impacts of multiple water uses on the operation of a system of existing reservoirs that originally were designed for hydropower generation. The research reported in this paper utilizes a nonlinear optimization model, developed to optimize hydropower production for a system of interconnected reservoirs. This model was modified to include water withdrawals for consumptive uses. The formulated multiobjective optimization problem is solved by employing the weighting method. The formulation considers water allocation policy for consumptive uses and individual hydropower plants. By parametrically varying the weighting coefficients, the tradeoff relationship (Pareto front) between hydropower generation and water demand for consumptive uses was traced out. The modified model is applied to the Sao Francisco River Basin in Brazil, where there are several hydropower plants in operation with a total installed capacity of 10.7 GW. The river basin is an important agricultural land that requires water supply for crop irrigation. The power generation loss as a result of increased water demand due to consumptive uses was evaluated. Water demand scenarios range from current estimated consumptive uses to the amount expected to be granted by the federal government in the future. It is concluded that these demands cannot fully be met in critical drought periods, and the proposed methodology can be helpful in leading to more equitable solutions among competing water users. (C) 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58508-1 - HydroRisk: risk management technologies applied to water and electricity supply systems
Grantee:Paulo Sérgio Franco Barbosa
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/03432-9 - Stochastic optimization with individualized hydropower plants for planning operation of Brazilian hydrothermal system
Grantee:Renato Carlos Zambon
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research