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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Role of Smoking and Type 2 Diabetes in the Immunobalance of Advanced Chronic Periodontitis

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Duarte, Poliana M. [1] ; Santos, Vanessa R. [1] ; dos Santos, Fernanda A. [1] ; de Lima Pereira, Sanivia A. [2] ; Rodrigues, Denise B. R. [2] ; Napimoga, Marcelo H. [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Guarulhos, Dept Periodont, Dent Res Div, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Uberaba, Lab Biopathol & Mol Biol, Uberaba, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Periodontology; v. 82, n. 3, p. 429-438, MAR 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 16

Background: This study evaluates the tissue levels of interleukin (IL)-17(+), IL-15(+), Foxp3(+) cells, fibrosis, and plasma B-cell infiltration in sites with chronic periodontitis in smokers and subjects with type 2 diabetes. Methods: Gingival biopsies were harvested from the following groups: systemically and periodontally healthy subjects (healthy group, n = 10); non-smokers and subjects with advanced periodontitis and without diabetes (non-risk factor/periodontitis group, n = 10); heavy smokers with advanced periodontitis and without diabetes (smoking/periodontitis group, cigarettes per day for at least the past 5 years, n = 10); and non-smoking poorly controlled subjects with diabetes (glycated hemoglobin levels >= 9%) with advanced periodontitis (diabetes mellitus/periodontitis group {[}DMPI, n = 10). The number of IL-17(+), IL-15(+), and Foxp3(+) cells was analyzed by immunohistochemistry, whereas the amount of fibrosis and plasma B-cell infiltration in gingival tissue was analyzed by histomorphometry. Results: The number of Foxp3(+) cells was significantly higher in the periodontitis groups compared to the healthy group (P<0.05). The DMP group presented higher levels of Foxp3(+) cells than other periodontitis groups (P<0.05). The levels of IL-15(+) and IL-17(+) cells and the amount of fibrosis were higher in the DMP group than in the other groups (P<0.05). There was a trend for a decreased B-cell infiltration in the DMP group (P>0.05). There was a slightly significant negative correlation between B-cell infiltration and the amount of fibrosis (P<0.05). Conclusion: Upregulation of IL-17(+), IL-15(+), and Foxp3(+) cells and increased amounts of fibrosis were observed in chronic periodontitis sites in subjects with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that periodontitis development in these subjects may be influenced by the T helper 17/T regulatory axis. J Periodontol 2011;82:429-438. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/09687-0 - Periodontal treatment in controlled and uncontrolled Diabetic subjects: clinical, glycemic and cytokine and bone resorption related factors evaluations
Grantee:Poliana Mendes Duarte
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants