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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Physico-chemical stability and structural characterization of thickened multilamellar beta-carotene-loaded liposome dispersions produced using a proliposome method

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Carvalho, Jose M. P. [1] ; Toniazzo, Taise [1] ; Cavalcanti, Leide P. [2] ; Moraes, Izabel C. F. [1] ; Oliveira, Cristiano L. P. [3] ; Pinho, Samantha C. [1, 4]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Food Engn, Sch Anim Sci & Food Engn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Synchrotron Light Natl Lab, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Food Engn, Coll Anim Sci & Food Engn, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: COLLOID AND POLYMER SCIENCE; v. 293, n. 8, p. 2171-2179, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 7

The objective of this study was to investigate in more detail the structure of multilamellar beta-carotene-loaded liposome dispersions produced by proliposome hydration. Such dispersions were stabilized using xanthan gum as a thickener in different concentrations, and their stabilities were monitored for 90 days. The vesicles exhibited an average diameter in the range of 700 to 3000 nm, and the liposomes were capable of protecting beta-carotene from degradation for a period of 90 days. The dispersions were also characterized by transmission electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, rheology, and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The thermal analyses showed that neither the beta-carotene nor the xanthan gum affected the liposome bilayer structure. The presence of the xanthan gum, which affects the scattering intensity, was not an obstacle to obtain the structural parameters by SAXS modeling, as a modified modeling strategy (Gaussian deconvolution) was applied. This modeling resulted in 40 symmetric layers, and the results obtained with the variation of temperature were in agreement with the gel-liquid crystalline transition temperature obtained by calorimetric measurements. Additionally, the rheological data showed that xanthan gum was not as effective as a mixture of xanthan gum and guar gum at stabilizing the liposomes, most likely due to the higher stiffness of the gum alone compared with that of its combination with guar gum. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/01087-7 - Incorporation of carotenoid in liposomes by hydration of dry phospholipid particles
Grantee:Samantha Cristina de Pinho
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/14868-7 - Stabilization of liposome dispersions using xanthan gum
Grantee:Jose Mário Pereira de Carvalho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 11/01277-0 - Stabilization of liposomal dispersions using hydrocolloids: case study for the encapsulation of beta-carotene
Grantee:Stefany Cho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 11/03901-3 - Liposome dispersions encapsulating beta-carotene and stabilized with hydrocolloids: characterization and applications
Grantee:Taíse Toniazzo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master