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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Variation in the population structure between a natural and a human-modified forest for a pioneer tropical tree species not restricted to large gaps

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Author(s):
Silvestrini, Milene [1] ; Maes dos Santos, Flavio Antonio [2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION; v. 5, n. 12, p. 2420-2432, JUN 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The distribution of tree species in tropical forests is generally related to the occurrence of disturbances and shifts in the local environmental conditions such as light, temperature, and biotic factors. Thus, the distribution of pioneer tree species is expected to vary according to the gap characteristics and with human disturbances. We asked whether there was variation in the distribution of a pioneer species under different environmental conditions generated by natural disturbances, and between two forests with contrasting levels of human disturbance. To answer this question, we studied the distribution patterns and population persistence of the pioneer tree species Croton floribundus in the size and age gap range of a primary Brazilian forest. Additionally, we compared the plant density of two size-classes between a primary and an early successional human-disturbed forest. Croton floribundus was found to be widespread and equally distributed along the gap-size gradient in the primary forest. Overall density did not vary with gap size or age (F-ratio=0.062, P=0.941), and while juveniles were found to have a higher density in the early successional forest (P=0.021), tree density was found to be similar between forests (P=0.058). Our results indicate that the population structure of a pioneer tree species with long life span and a broad gap-size niche preference varied between natural and human-disturbed forests, but not with the level of natural disturbance. We believe this can be explained by the extreme environmental changes that occur after human disturbance. The ecological processes that affect the distribution of pioneer species in natural and human-modified forests may be similar, but our results suggest they act differently under the contrasting environmental conditions generated by natural and human disturbances. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/08681-6 - Genetic diversity and structure of a pioneer tree species in primary and early successional stage forests
Grantee:Flavio Antonio Maës dos Santos
Support type: Regular Research Grants