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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Potential new biocatalysts for biofuel production: The fungal lipases of Thermomyces lanuginosus and Rhizomucor miehei immobilized on zeolitic supports ion exchanged with transition metals

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de Vasconcellos, Adriano [1] ; Laurenti, Juliana Bergamasco [1] ; Miller, Alex Henrique [1] ; da Silva, Danilo Antonio [1] ; de Moraes, Fabio Rogerio [1] ; Aranda, Donato A. G. [2] ; Nery, Jose G. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Fis, Inst Biociencias Letras & Ciencias Exatas, BR-15054000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Lab Greentec, Escola Quim, BR-21945970 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials; v. 214, p. 166-180, SEP 15 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Nanozeolite NaX ion exchanged with different transition metals (Mn2+,Cu2+, Co2+, Zn2+, Ni2+) was used as a solid support for the immobilization of the lipases of Thermomyces lanuginosus (TLL) and Rhizomucor miehei (RML). The nanozeolite-enzyme complexes were used as heterogeneous catalysts for the transesterification reaction of palm oil to fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs). The most relevant results were obtained with the T lanuginosus enzyme immobilized on nanozeolitic supports ion exchanged with Ni2+. Although these zeolitic supports were able to immobilize a relatively small amount of the enzyme (43.7%) in comparison with the other nanozeolitic supports, the FAEE yields obtained with Nano-X/Ni/0.5 M-TLL complexes were above 94%. These results revealed an unusual synergistic effect between the T lanuginosus enzyme and the nickel ion-exchanged nanozeolitic support; this effect was not observed for the complexes prepared with the R. miehei enzyme. Bioinformatics calculations were performed for both enzymes by taking into consideration the crystallographic structures of the enzymes and the zeta potential of the surface of the nanozeolitic supports. By combining calculations of the protein electrostatic potential surface and normal mode analyses in a model, we were able to propose an explanation for the synergistic effect between the lipases and the nanozeolitic supports. The synergistic effect could be explained through an allosteric mechanism describing the interaction between aspartic acid residues 102 and 158 of the T lanuginosus lipase and the positively charged zeolitic support surface. This interaction results in the stabilization of the opening of the enzyme lid and leaves its catalytic triad permanently exposed to the reaction medium. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/51851-5 - Syntheses and characterization of nanozeolites-enzymes complexes and their use as heterogeneous catalysts in the production of biodiesel by trans esterification of Palm Oil and algae oils (Dunaliella Salina and Haematococcus pluvialis) with ethanol
Grantee:Jose Geraldo Nery
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/10092-4 - Nanozeolites as solid supports for enzyme immobilization: Synthesis, characterization of complex nanozeolite/enzymes and their application as heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production via ethylic route
Grantee:Adriano de Vasconcellos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate