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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Pneumonia and bacteremia in a golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp pneumoniae during a translocation program of free-ranging animals in Brazil

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Bueno, Marina G. [1] ; Iovine, Renata O. [2] ; Torres, Luciana N. [3] ; Catao-Dias, Jose L. [3] ; Pissinatti, Alcides [4, 5] ; Kierulff, Maria C. M. [1, 6] ; Carvalho, Vania M. [3]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Pri Matas Biodivers Conservat Inst, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Hlth Sci, Mol & Cell Biol Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Lab Wildlife Comparat Pathol, LAPCOM, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Rio de Janeiro Primatol Ctr CPRJ INEA, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[5] Serra dos Orgaos Univ UNIFESO, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, Postgrad Program Trop Biodivers, Sao Mateus, ES - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 4

Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important emerging pathogen in humans, particularly the invasive hypermucoviscosity (HMV) phenotype. In addition, the organism is an important public health concern because of nosocomial infections and antimicrobial resistance. Nonhuman primates in captivity are susceptible to Klebsiella, particularly when a stress factor is involved. Infections vary depending on the species but can cause significant morbidity and mortality in these animals. The objective of this study was to describe a case of bronchopneumonia and bacteremia caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae in a free-ranging golden-headed lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysomelas) caught and maintained in quarantine during a translocation program for conservation purposes. An adult male, that had showed emaciation and apathy, was clinically examined and, despite being provided supportive therapy, died 2 days after onset of clinical signs. At postmortem examination, generalized bilateral pneumonia and pericarditis were observed. Tissue samples were fixed in 10% formalin for histology, and pulmonary tissues and cardiac blood were collected for microbiologic diagnostic procedures. Bacteria that were shown to be HMV K. pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae strains were isolated from the pulmonary fluids and cardiac blood in pure cultures. Severe bronchopneumonia was the main pathological finding. The consequences of the confirmed presence of the HMV phenotype of K. pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae in this wildlife species for human, animal, and ecosystem health should be determined. These results demonstrate the importance of quarantine and potential pathogen screening during wildlife translocation procedures. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08149-8 - Serologic survey for Brucellsis, Leptospirosis and Toxoplasmosis in free-ranging in black howler monkey (Alouatta caraya) and marmosets (Callithrix penicillata)of São Paulo state.
Grantee:Camila Vieira Molina
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation