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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Modeling the equatorial and low-latitude ionospheric response to an intense X-class solar flare

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Nogueira, P. A. B. [1] ; Souza, J. R. [1] ; Abdu, M. A. [1] ; Paes, R. R. [1] ; Sousasantos, J. [1] ; Marques, M. S. [1] ; Bailey, G. J. [2] ; Denardini, C. M. [1] ; Batista, I. S. [1] ; Takahashi, H. [1] ; Cueva, R. Y. C. [3] ; Chen, S. S. [1]
Total Authors: 12
[1] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, Div Aeron, BR-12201 Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[2] Univ Sheffield, Dept Appl Math, Sheffield, S Yorkshire - England
[3] Univ Presbiteriana Mackenzie, Escola Engn, Inst Presbiteriano Mackenzie, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS; v. 120, n. 4, p. 3021-3032, APR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 12

We have investigated the ionospheric response close to the subsolar point in South America due to the strong solar flare (X2.8) that occurred on 13 May 2013. The present work discusses the sudden disturbances in the D region in the form of high-frequency radio wave blackout recorded in ionograms, the E region disturbances in the form of the Sq current and equatorial electrojet intensifications, and the enhancement and decay in the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) as observed by a network of Global Navigation Satellite Systems receivers, the last of these manifestations constituting the main focuses of this study. The dayside ionosphere showed an abrupt increase of the TEC, with the region of the TEC increase being displaced away from the subsolar point toward the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) crest region. The decay in the TEC following the decrease of the flare EUV flux varied at a slower ratio near the EIA crest than at the subsolar point. We used the Sheffield University Plasmasphere-Ionosphere Model to simulate the TEC enhancement and the related variations as arising from the flare-enhanced solar EUV flux and soft X-rays. The simulations are compared with the observational data to validate our results, and it is found that a good part of the observed TEC variation features can be accounted for by the model simulation. The combined results from model and observational data can contribute significantly to advance our knowledge about ionospheric photochemistry and dynamics needed to improve our predictive capability on the low-latitude ionospheric response to solar flares. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/08445-9 - Study of day-to-day variability of the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere at low latitude and equatorial region, during the solar cycle 24
Grantee:Paulo Roberto Fagundes
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Grantee:Paulo Alexandre Bronzato Nogueira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 12/25396-1 - Study of the low latitude ionospheric electrodynamic, and bottom-type study with VHF radar data
Grantee:Ricardo Yvan de La Cruz Cueva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral