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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Trunk biomechanics and its association with hip and knee kinematics in patients with and without patellofemoral pain

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Nakagawa, Theresa Helissa [1] ; Maciel, Carlos Dias [2] ; Serrao, Fabio Viadanna [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Phys Therapy, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Elect Engn, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: MANUAL THERAPY; v. 20, n. 1, p. 189-193, FEB 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 19

Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common lower extremity condition observed in sports clinics. Recently, it has been suggested that trunk motion could affect hip and knee biomechanics in the frontal plane. Thus, the purpose of the study was compare trunk kinematics, strength and muscle activation between people with PFP and healthy participants. In addition, the associations among trunk biomechanics, hip and knee kinematics were analysed. Thirty people with PFP and thirty pain-free individuals participated. The peak ipsilateral trunk lean, hip adduction, and knee abduction were evaluated with an electromagnetic tracking system, and the surface electromyographic signals of the iliocostalis and external oblique muscle were recorded during single-leg squats. Trunk extension and trunk flexion with rotation isometric strength and side bridge tests were quantified using a handheld dynamometer. Compared with the control group, the PFP group demonstrated increased ipsilateral trunk lean, hip adduction and knee abduction (p = 0.02-0.04) during single-leg squat accompanied with decreased trunk isometric strength (p = < 0.001-0.009). There was no between-group difference in trunk muscle activation. Only in the control group, ipsilateral trunk lean was significantly correlated with hip adduction (r = -0.66) and knee abduction (r = 0.49); also, the side bridge test correlated with knee abduction (r = -0.51). Differences in trunk, hip and knee biomechanics were found in people with PFP. No relationship among trunk, hip and knee biomechanics was found in the PFP group, suggesting that people with PFP show different movement patterns compared to the control group. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/01067-6 - The influence of varus forefoot on plantar pressure distribution and on lower limb biomechanics
Grantee:Fábio Viadanna Serrão
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants