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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Magnetic field instability in a neutron star driven by the electroweak electron-nucleon interaction versus the chiral magnetic effect

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Dvornikov, Maxim [1, 2, 3] ; Semikoz, Victor B. [3]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, BR-05314970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Natl Res Tomsk State Univ, Fac Phys, Tomsk 634050 - Russia
[3] Pushkov Inst Terr Magnetism Ionosphere & Radiowav, Troitsk 142190 - Russia
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review D; v. 91, n. 6 MAR 2 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 32

We show that the Standard Model electroweak interaction of ultrarelativistic electrons with nucleons (the eN interaction) in a neutron star (NS) permeated by a seed large-scale helical magnetic field provides its growth up to greater than or similar to 10(15) G during a time comparable with the ages of young magnetars similar to 10(4) yr. The magnetic field instability originates from the parity violation in the eN interaction entering the generalized Dirac equation for right and left massless electrons in an external uniform magnetic field. We calculate the average electric current given by the solution of the modified Dirac equation containing an extra current for right and left electrons (positrons), which turns out to be directed along the magnetic field. Such a current includes both a changing chiral imbalance of electrons and the eN potential given by a constant neutron density in a NS. Then we derive the system of the kinetic equations for the chiral imbalance and the magnetic helicity which accounts for the eN interaction. By solving this system, we show that a sizable chiral imbalance arising in a neutron protostar due to the Urca process e(L)(-) + p -> N nu(eL) diminishes very rapidly because of a huge chirality-flip rate. Thus the eN term prevails over the chiral effect, providing a huge growth of the magnetic helicity and the helical magnetic field. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50309-2 - Collective neutrino oscillationsin various external fields.
Grantee:Maxim Dvornikov
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral