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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Investigating Eusociality in Bees while Trusting the Uncertainty

Almeida, E. A. B. [1] ; Porto, D. S. [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: Sociobiology; v. 61, n. 4, p. 355-368, DEC 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Phylogenetic hypotheses and estimates of divergence times have already been used to investigate the evolution of social behavior in all lineages of bees. The interpretation of the number of origins of eusocial behavior and the timing of these events depends on reliable phylogenetic hypotheses for the clades in which these lineages are nested. Three to six independent origins of eusocial behavior are interpreted to have occurred in bee taxa that differentiated in the Late Cretaceous, or much later in the Paleogene. Only two groups of bees exhibit the behaviors that qualify their members to be considered obligate (i.e. `fixed-caste') eusocial, the honey bees (Apini) and the stingless bees (Meliponini). The evolutionary history of corbiculate bees remains uncertain in many respects, but phylogenetic research has been paving the path for comprehensive comparative approaches likely to shed light on the origin of diversity of forms and behaviors of these bees. In total, corbiculate bees encompass about 1,000 species, roughly 5% of the described species diversity of bees. These bees are rather heterogeneous in terms of social organization, particularly stingless bees and orchid bees, which display a fascinating range of behavioral variation. Using phylogenetic tools, it has been possible to infer that caste polymorphism, division of labor and other traits of corbiculate bees probably started evolving over 80 million years ago. Phylogenetic hypotheses must be interpreted as more or less uncertain scenarios for studying the biological diversity, but when trusted they can provide powerful tools to investigate the evolution of social behaviors. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22261-8 - Phylogenetic relationships of corbiculate bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apini)
Grantee:Diego Sasso Porto
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/10090-0 - Comparative morphology of internal skeletal structures of the head of corbiculate bees (Apidae: Apini)
Grantee:Diego Sasso Porto
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree
FAPESP's process: 11/09477-9 - Taxonomy, phylogeny, biogeography, and evolution of Neopasiphaeinae bees (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) using molecular and morphological data
Grantee:Eduardo Andrade Botelho de Almeida
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants