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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Clinical Severity of Visceral Leishmaniasis Is Associated with Changes in Immunoglobulin G Fc N-Glycosylation

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Gardinassi, Luiz Gustavo [1] ; Dotz, Viktoria [2] ; Ederveen, Agnes Hipgrave [3] ; de Almeida, Roque Pacheco [4] ; Nery Costa, Carlos Henrique [5] ; Costa, Dorcas Lamounier [5] ; de Jesus, Amelia Ribeiro [4] ; Mayboroda, Oleg A. [3] ; Garcia, Gustavo Rocha [1] ; Wuhrer, Manfred [3, 2, 6] ; Ferreira de Miranda Santosa, Isabel Kinney [1]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Bioquim Imunol, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Div Bioanalyt Chem, Amsterdam - Netherlands
[3] Leiden Univ, Med Ctr, Ctr Prote & Metabol, Leiden - Netherlands
[4] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Med, Aracaju - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Piaui, Inst Doencas Tropicais Natan Portela, Dept Med Comunitaria, Teresina - Brazil
[6] Vrije Univ Amsterdam Med Ctr, Dept Mol Cell Biol & Immunol, Amsterdam - Netherlands
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: MBIO; v. 5, n. 6 NOV-DEC 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 19

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has a high fatality rate if not treated; nevertheless, the majority of human infections with the causative agent, Leishmania infantum chagasi, are asymptomatic. Although VL patients often present with increased levels of serum immunoglobulins, the contribution of antibodies to resistance or progression to disease remains unknown. Effector and regulatory functions of antibodies rely on their interactions with type I and II Fc receptors, and these interactions are tuned by the patterns of antibody Fc N-glycosylation. In view of these facts, we applied a robust method of IgG Fc N-glycopeptide profiling of serum samples from 187 patients with VL, 177 asymptomatic individuals, 116 endemic controls (individuals residing in areas where VL is endemic) and 43 nonendemic controls (individuals living in an area where VL is not endemic). We show that, in comparison to the overall IgG Fc N-glycan profiles of asymptomatic or uninfected healthy individuals, those of patients with VL are profoundly altered. These changes correlate with levels of serum cytokines and the inflammation marker C-reactive protein. We also fitted univariate and multivariate ordinal logistic regression models to demonstrate the ability of IgG Fc N-glycosylation features and immunity regulators present in serum to predict disease severity in VL patients. Importantly, we show that Fc N-glycosylation profiles change after treatment of VL. This study introduces important concepts contributing to the understanding of antibody responses in infections with Leishmania parasites and provides new insights into the pathology of human VL. IMPORTANCE Immunoglobulins (Ig) have been shown to present pro-and anti-inflammatory functions according to the profile of carbohydrates attached to their Fc region. Glycosylation features of serum IgG have been examined in relation to several autoimmune and infectious diseases and provide a mechanistic basis for the protective or pathogenic role of antibodies. Leishmania infantum chagasi is the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in South America, and we show that VL patients produce IgG with patterns of Fc glycans similar to those found in other inflammatory conditions. Specific Fc N-glycosylation features and levels of serum cytokines and C-reactive protein are significantly associated with the development of severe clinical symptoms and, notably, Fc glycosylation changes after treatment. The modifications detected in the N-glycosylation features of IgG Fc from VL patients raise new perspectives on the effector or regulatory role of antibodies in immune responses elicited by infection with Leishmania parasites. (AU)

Grantee:Gustavo Rocha Garcia
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/06708-2 - RNA-Seq of bovine preipheral blood leukocytes: functional analysis of the transcriptome obtained after immunization with recombinant antigens from the cattle tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, and after infestations and validation of results with PCR arrays
Grantee:Isabel Kinney Ferreira de Miranda Santos
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/23819-0 - Peripheral blood transcriptome and the characterization of chemical-structural and functional properties of immunoglobulin G in different clinical outcomes related to infection with Leishmania infantum chagasi
Grantee:Luiz Gustavo Araujo Gardinassi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate