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The neoliberal and environmental paradigms in the configuration of the contemporary town: plots and tendencies of sustainable hegemonic discourse in Europe and Brazil

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Author(s):
Fernando Pinto Ribeiro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Eduardo Alberto Cusce Nobre; Amelia Luisa Damiani; Nuno de Azevedo Fonseca; Elson Manoel Pereira; Arlete Moyses Rodrigues
Advisor: Eduardo Alberto Cusce Nobre
Abstract

The Contemporary City is viewed in this work as a result of a confluence of two paradigms linked to globalization process. It means that the urban phenomenon aprehension points to a neoliberal ideology and to the emergence of an environmental question as two strucutural axes that induce the city production in its multiples scales and spaces. Both paradigms develop themselves on two diferent and separated social basis, but under globalization influence the enviromental paradigm begins to reinforce an articulated relation with market forces and, in the city, motive an hegemonic discourse that will directly make influence in the territory changes under diferente actions ways, especially under market strategies and the entrepreneur management. Thus, the work analises the nature of these two paradigms in its historical contexts, the meanings to a formation of a sustainability ideology fundational discourse and the implications of both in Europe and Brazil, mainly in the French and Florianópolis urban region contexts. In Europe, the discourse stablishes a new urban model, \"the Sustainable Town\", as a pattern that centralizes the recent urban policies through the continent and generate some intervention axes, which the écoquartier or sustainable neighborhood reveals itself as a main example. However, spread on the territory they are an evidence of real estate capital interests and take part of a privatism and a financial approach in the urban space production, what inflicts gradually to the waste of urban land. At the same way in Brazil, huge urban real estate projects adapt themselves to sustainability containt discourse and, in doing that, reproduce a same urbanization pattern that caracterizes the neoliberal town, which means that they are unsustainable and formalize a simbolic discourse that hind real mechanisms of changes in the city. In the objetive of pointing the most evidences of that environmental discourse apropriation, this thesis intend to reveal a debate related to the antagonisms that came from this process and the perspectives implicated to the urban space in the future. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/05382-0 - The environmental and neoliberal paradigms in the contemporary city configuration: Trends of sustainability hegemonic discours in Europe and Brazil.
Grantee:Fernando Pinto Ribeiro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate