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Intra and inter-host genic diversity of feline coronavirus in systemic and enteric viral populations

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Author(s):
Aline Santana da Hora
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Paulo Eduardo Brandão; Adriana Cortez; Leonardo José Richtzenhain; Sidnei Miyoshi Sakamoto; Ricardo Duarte Silva
Advisor: Paulo Eduardo Brandão
Abstract

Feline coronavirus (FCoV) occurs as a large genic diversity of strains and is classified as two pathotypes: feline enteric coronavirus (FECoV) and feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV). The FIPV pathotype is highly virulent and responsible for the onset of a highly fatal disease named feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), while the FECoV pathotype is widely disseminated in feline populations leading mostly to asymptomatic infections. No genic marker is currently known to differentiate the FECoV and FIPV pathotypes. This study has been divided in two chapters. In the first chapter, the aim was to evaluate the molecular diversity of the membrane (M) gene in 190 samples from 5 cats without FIP (FIP-) and 10 cats with clinical and histopathological evidence of FIP (FIP+). The conclusion of this study is that both the in vivo mutation hypothesis in the FECoV-to-FIP direction and the hypothesis of FIPV transmission amongst cats are plausible. In the second chapter, aimed to evaluate the diversity of genes 3a-c, E and M, clones of amplicons for these genes were obtained and sequenced from samples from six FIP+ and 2 FIP- cats. Genes 3a-c, E and M show a genic diversity that results in a quasispecies constitution of FCoV that leads to the probability of the emergence of the highly virulent pathotype in a host-specific way. The conclusion of this second study is that FIPV lineages show a truncated form of the 3C protein, making the 3c gene the only pathotype marker for FCoV observed amongst the genes studied herein. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/17535-9 - Feline coronavirus: occurence, vira load ando genetic diversity in cats from catteries from São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Grantee:Aline Santana da Hora
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate