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Influence of edge effects on the leaf-litter anuran community of the Atlantic rain Forest of the Estação Biológica de Boracéia, SP

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Author(s):
Carolina Ortiz Rocha da Costa
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Jaime Aparecido Bertoluci; Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz; Vanessa Kruth Verdade
Advisor: Jaime Aparecido Bertoluci
Abstract

This study aimed at determine nature and extension of edge effects on the structure of a leaf-litter anuran community at the Ecological Station of Boracéia (EEB). EEB is a reserve with 16,450 ha belonging to University of São Paulo (USP) and lies at Serra do Mar, domain of Atlantic Forest, 900 m altitude, in one of the wettest regions of Brazil. The leaf-litter anuran community was sampled between May 2012 and October 2013, on the edge of a native forest with eucalypts cultivation. Sixty-three 5×5 m plots displayed in seven transects along nine distance strips of the edge (-50, -25, 0, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125 e 150 m) were sampled. To characterize the environment in each distance strip, the following measurements were taken: leaf-litter temperature and relative humidity, leaf-litter deepness, canopy cover, diameter at breast height (DBH) and height of trees. Three hundred and twelve individuals of 23 species were captured, being 19 endemic from Atlantic forests. The community presented high species diversity (H` = 2,17). Anuran richness and diversity increased with the distance from the forest edge. High ß diversity found for the leaf-litter anuran community (0.819) indicated a high species turn over along different distances from the edge. There were higher temperature and humidity variation near the edge and outside native forest. Anuran richness and abundance were negatively correlated to temperature and positively with leaf-litter humidity, canopy cover and DBH. Eucalypts cultivation could have minimized the edge effects on the anuran community. Factors most influencing the structure of the leaf-litter anuran community were microclimatic (until 75 m from the edge) and structural (canopy cover and DBH) variations. Different species responses to the edge effects indicated two transition strips for the leaf-litter anuran community along the distance gradient. The first occurred between the edge and the first 25 m inside the forest due to drastic reduction of species richness and abundance. The second occurred between 50 and 75 m inside the forest, changing species composition. In a general, the extension of the edge effects at EEB was limited at 50 m inside the forest. Species presented distinct responses to the edge effects, however, all of them agree with the negative transational model, because there were loss of habitat quality from the edge, which affected richness and abundance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16329-6 - Edge effects on a litterfall frog community of "Estação Biológica de Boracéia"
Grantee:Carolina Ortiz Rocha da Costa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master