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Comparative analysis of the myogenic potencial of adult mesenchymal stem cells derived from different tissues

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Marcos Costa Valadares
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Biociências (IBIOC/SB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Mayana Zatz; Luciana dos Reis Vasques
Advisor: Mayana Zatz

Progressive Muscular Disorders (PMDs) are a group of heterogeneous genetic diseases characterized by an irreversible degeneration of the muscle tissue due to mutation or absence of a protein. Among the many different available therapeutic approaches to treat PMDs, cell therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are one of the most studied ones. There are many types of MCSs described to date and the need to identify the best one suited to treat PMDs has yet to be addressed. In this thesis, we compared the therapeutic potential of different types of stem cells derived from the same donor. First, we chose pericytes as a tool of comparison, as this cell is unequivocally present in all vascularized tissues. We isolated pericytes of 4 different tissues from the same donor (endometrium, fallopian tubes, adipose tissue and muscle). We injected 1 million of these cells intraperitonially in Utrntm1KedDmdmdx/J mice (knockout for the dystrophin and utrophin gene) weekly for 8 weeks evaluating the clinical features and survival curve of these mice. We observed that, in the experimental conditions of this study, the myogenic potential of these cells is insufficient to be harnessed as therapy for regenerative purposes. However, despite the fact that the standardized tests did not detect any apparent clinical improvement, mice treated with pericytes derived from adipose tissue had a survival curve greater than control treated mice. As we could not observe any myogenic differentiation or cell engraftment, this results suggests that the beneficial effect observed could be due to the releasing of trophic and immune modulator factors (paracrine effect). It is noteworthy that despite all cells being derived from the same donor, the increase in life expectancy was only observed in pericytes derived from the adipose tissue. These results indicate that the therapeutic potential of pericytes differs according to their tissue of origin and the difference is not due to genetic differences. This is still preliminary data but it is valuable in understanding the therapeutic potential of these cells (AU)