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Maize seed treatment with zinc and copper

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Author(s):
Marcos Altomani Neves Dias
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Silvio Moure Cicero; Julio Marcos Filho; Vitor Henrique Vaz Mondo
Advisor: Silvio Moure Cicero
Abstract

Seed treatment is a potential tool for supplying micronutrients on maize crop (Zea mays L.), enabling a better plant stand establishment in the field. Soils presenting insufficient levels of zinc and copper to plants are common in various agricultural regions throughout Brazil and the world. Thus, the supply of such elements via seeds can be viable and effective for maize crop. This study aimed to evaluate different maize seed treatments containing Zn and Cu, related to the effects on seeds physiological quality and nutritional efficiency. Thus, four seeds lots of the corn hybrid 2B688Hx, differing in size and vigor, were used for this study. The treatments were composed of liquid suspensions containing Zn oxide and Cu carbonate, applied together or separately at different dosages. The lots were evaluated by seed moisture, germination and cold test in five periods: 0, 30, 60, 180 and 360 days. Seedling emergence, seedling emergence speed and image analysis of root growth (software SVIS®) were also performed in the first three periods. The plants development was assessed by height, leaf area and dry weight of roots and shoots. The efficiencies of absorption, transport and utilization were calculated with the data of seedlings dry weight and tissues content of Zn and Cu. The physiological quality of maize seeds is not affected by the treatments containing Zn and Cu, together or separated, during the twelve-month storage period; on the other hand, the treatments containing only Cu caused phytotoxicity on paper-based tests, affecting mainly the seedlings root development. Seed treatment with zinc and copper is a viable and effective approach for supplying these elements to maize plants. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/05598-9 - Maize seed treatment with zinc and copper
Grantee:Marcos Altomani Neves Dias
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master