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The forgotten major: Histórias de Alexandre, by Graciliano Ramos

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Edmar Monteiro Filho
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Estudos da Linguagem
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carlos Eduardo Ornelas Berriel; Cristina Henrique da Costa; Cilene Margarete Pereira
Advisor: Carlos Eduardo Ornelas Berriel

Ignored by the literary press to the time of its launch in 1945 and relegated to a secondary position behind the remainder of the work of Graciliano Ramos by critics and scholars of literature, Histórias de Alexandre has enjoyed great success among the reading public, since it has appeared, for decades, as the third title best sold among the publications of the alagoano author. The present work includes some hypotheses to explain the reasons for this, such as the fact that it was launched by a more effective publisher, the effect of the popularity of other books by the author such as Infância, which was published almost simultaneously, and the prejudice against childlike or 'folk' literature, which are the literary genres seemingly to exist within the book. This work also tries to point to the characteristics of Histórias de Alexandre as an original register inside the work of Graciliano, because at the same time that it is faithfull to the same propositions that support his entire literary work, it includes elements of the folktale and of the oral literature, which provide interesting materials to assist in the analysis for the writing method of the author. While raising the issue of the use of a narrator-character whose ambiguities determine different ways of reading, the book also suggests discussions about the figure of the narrator in Graciliano's writing, including his trajectory as a short story writer and ways of presenting different framings for his work from the fiction/confession binomial, as consecrated by Antônio Cândido. The present work also intends to encourage the study of Histórias de Alexandre, as different scholars at different moments of our literary history have demanded, valuing it while highlighting its literary qualities and their singularities and proposing some suggestions for ways in which such studies could continue (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16814-1 - The forgotten major: Histórias de Alexandre, by Graciliano Ramos
Grantee:Edmar Monteiro Filho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master