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Study of GNRHR gene in isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and constitutional delay of growth and puberty

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Daiane Beneduzzi de Deus
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Letícia Ferreira Gontijo Silveira; Cristiane Kochi; Ericka Barbosa Trarbach
Advisor: Letícia Ferreira Gontijo Silveira

GnRH receptor (GNRHR) inactivating mutations are the most common genetic cause of normosmic IHH. The genes involved in the IHH, including GNRHR, have been associated with a large phenotypic spectrum, varying from partial to complete IHH. Constitutional delay of growth and puberty (CDGP) might represent a mild phenotypic variant of IHH. In this study we investigated novel variants and characterized the frequency and phenotype-genotype correlation of GNRHR mutations in normosmic IHH and CDGP patients. Additionally, we determined de cause of the recurrence of GNRHR p.R139H mutation in patients with normosmic IHH. We studied 116 patients with normosmic IHH and 51 with CDGP. The control group was composed by 130 adults with normal pubertal development. The coding region of GNRHR was amplified and automatically sequenced. The two novel variants identified (p.Y283H, p.V134G) were submitted to in silico and in vitro analysis. Three microsatellite markers (D4S409, D4S2387, D4S3018) were amplified by PCR and analyzed in the patients with the p.R139H mutation. In the CDGP group, the previously described mutation p.Q106R was identified in the heterozygous state in one boy. The p.Q106R mutation has been identified in heterozygous state in individuals with normal pubertal development and does not appear be involved on the CDGP phenotype in this patient. In the normosmic IHH group, nine variants were identified (p.N10K, p.Q11K, p.Q106R, p.R139H, p.C200Y, p.R262Q, p.Y284C, p.Y283H, p.V134G) in eleven patients (9.5%). In vitro analysis of the novel variants p.Y283H and the p.V134G demonstrated that both of them cause complete loss of function of the receptor. The founder effect study revealed that all the p.R139H affected Brazilian patients presented the same haplotype, suggesting that the this mutation has a common ancestor in the Brazilian population. Nevertheless the affected Polish family presented a different haplotype, with only one marker in common with the Brazilian families and further studies would be necessary to determine the origin of the p.R139H mutation in the European population. In conclusion this study demonstrated that GNRHR was the most commonly affected gene in normosmic IHH, with a good genotype-phenotype correlation, and should be the first candidate gene for genetic screening in this condition. The results of the founder effect study suggested that the p.R139H mutation has a common ancestor in the Brazilian population. Finally, mutations in the GNRHR do not appear to be involved in the pathogenesis of CDGP (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/15530-0 - Analysis of the gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor gene (GNRHR): mutation frequency in the Brazilian population and founder effect of the p.R139H mutation
Grantee:Daiane Beneduzzi de Deus
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master