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Effect of substrate condition and etching time on the bonds stability of adhesive systems to dentin of primary teeth

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Tathiane Larissa Lenzi
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia (FO/SDO)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Daniela Prócida Raggio; Jose Carlos Pettorossi Imparato; Fausto Medeiros Mendes; Rachel de Oliveira Rocha; Mariane Emi Sanabe
Advisor: Daniela Prócida Raggio

This study aimed to investigate the influence of shortening the etching time on bond of adhesive systems to sound and caries-affected dentin of primary teeth by microtensile and nanoleakage tests, and micromorphological evaluation of the adhesive interface. The dentinal surface of 48 second primary molars was exposed and the teeth were randomly assigned to 8 experimental groups according to substrate (sound and caries-affected dentin - pH-cycling for 14 days), adhesive system (Adper Single Bond 2 two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system and Clearfil SE Bond two step self-etch adhesive system) and etching time (recommend by manufacturers and half-reduced time). Thus, the adhesive Adper Single Bond 2 was applied to dentin after 35% phosphoric acid etching for 15 or 7 seconds, and the bond of Clearfil SE Bond after 20 or 10 seconds of primer application. Composite resin blocks (Filtek Z250) were built and, after 24 hours of storage in distilled water, the teeth were sectioned to obtain specimens with cross-sectional area of approximately 0.8 mm2. Half of the specimens were immediately subjected to microtensile test and the other half after 12 months of storage in distilled water. The fracture pattern was evaluated with a stereomicroscope at 400x magnification. Two specimens from each tooth in the respective storage periods were immersed in ammoniacal silver nitrate for 24 hours and revealed (8 hours) to evaluate the nanoleakage in scanning electron microscope. Additionally, two teeth for each experimental group (n=16) were prepared as described for the microtensile test and perpendicularly sectioned to the adhesive interface, after 24 hours, for analysis of micromorphology and thickness of the hybrid layer. Bond strength values, expressed in megapascal (MPa), were submitted to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Tukeys tests ( = 0.05). Other evaluations were descriptive. The adhesive systems presented similar immediate bond strength values. A decrease in bond strength values occurred after 12 months of water storage, except for Clearfil SE Bond in sound substrate. Bonding to caries-affected dentin was lower compared to sound dentin. The nanoleakage was also more pronounced in this substrate. Etching time only influenced the bonding of the adhesive system Adper Single Bond 2. Higher bond strength values and lower infiltration of silver nitrate into adhesive interface were observed when the etching time was half-reduced, irrespective of the substrate. Thinner hybrid layers were produced when the primary dentin was acid etched for 7 seconds, especially in caries-affected dentin. Predominance of adhesive/mixed fracture was observed for all experimental groups. In conclusion, the effect of shortening the etching time is material dependent and results in higher bond stability of two-step etch-and-rinse adhesive system to sound and caries-affected dentin of primary teeth. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/16597-0 - Substrate condition and application protocol effect of adhesive systems in primary dentin bond strength
Grantee:Tathiane Larissa Lenzi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate