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Comparative study of metabolomic and proteomic profiles of grapes (Vitis vinifera) during ripening using bioanalytical tools

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Author(s):
Karina Fraige
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Emanuel Carrilho; Renata Vieira da Mota; Maria Cristina Baracat Pereira; Mauricio Ariel Rostagno
Advisor: Emanuel Carrilho
Abstract

Analysis of the chemical composition of grapes is very important to evaluate harvest time and production of high quality wines. The study of grape metabolism is essential to define in which stages metabolites are produced, as well as proteins and genes that regulate these processes. Sugars, polyphenols and organic acids are important classes of metabolites related with grape development. Sugars are compounds that primarily indicate harvest time, and they are key substances in various biological processes. Polyphenols have been noted for its antioxidant activity, also for taking part in mechanisms of plant defense. Organic acids are responsible for organoleptic quality, and they are evolved in diverse metabolic processes. Proteins do not contribute significantly to the nutritional value, but they are important variety markers to verify adulterations of wines. Rio Grande do Sul is responsible for most of the grapes produced in Brazil, and recently Vale do São Francisco has received attention because of the production of these fruits. In some regions of Southeast a different pruning handle has started to obtain grapes with good levels of ripeness and resistance in developing fungal diseases. Grapes cultured in Água Vermelha and Louveira, São Paulo State, were studied during ripening in relation to physical-chemical analysis, proteomic profile, by two-dimensional electrophoresis and mass spectrometry; the metabolomic profile of anthocyanins, non-anthocyanin polyphenols, organic acids and sugars by chromatographic and electrophoretic techniques coupled to diode array and/or mass spectrometry detectors. The results were analyzed by multivariate analysis and compared with those of mature grapes from South and Northeast regions. The data show clustering of green grapes due to higher acidity and clusters of mature grapes due to higher anthocyanin and sugars concentrations, and the profile of anthocyanins can be used as a varietal marker. Considering the proteomic profile, it was possible to group different varieties of grapes with a trend in relation to geographical origin being also observed. It was identified 74 proteins related, mainly, to defense and stress response, carbohydrate metabolism and energetic metabolism. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/07752-7 - Bioanalytical study via metabolic-proteomic relation of Vitis vinifera
Grantee:Karina Fraige Baraco
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate