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Municipal program of selective waste collection in Santo André SP: a policy cycle study

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Author(s):
Marina Gonzalbo Cornieri
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Eletrotécnica e Energia (IEE/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Ana Paula Fracalanza; Gina Rizpah Besen; Wanda Maria Risso Günther
Advisor: Ana Paula Fracalanza
Abstract

Guaranteeing treatment and appropriate disposal to municipal solid waste is a challenge to municipal administrations, mainly because waste generation has increased more than population and big areas to landfills are few in big cities. Thus, since last 1980, in Brazil, a few cities have implemented municipal programs of selective waste collection in partnership with waste pickers organizations, that remove waste from landfills, increasing your lifetime. It is important to look at programs of selective waste collection as part of policy, emphasizing your administrative continuity and objectives. Therein it was sought to study Santo Andrés program of selective waste collection, between 1998 and 2011. The objective is to study how were formulation and implementation of Santo Andrés program of selective waste collection, in 1998, and how it has been making your monitoring and evaluation in the following years, until 1998. For this reason it was used policy cycle approach, that considers policy as a deliberative cycle, formed by several steps, constituting a dynamic and learning process. It was made bibliographical and documental research, such as qualitative semi-structured interviews with: managers of Serviço Municipal de Saneamento Ambiental de Santo André (Semasa); managers of two partner cooperatives of program (Coopcicla and Coop Cidade Limpa) and a random sample of six members of each cooperative. After the interviews, it was made questionnaire application to all waste pickers of Coopcicla and Coop Cidade Limpa, totalizing 79 members. In addiction, it was made technical visits with written and photographic records to public equipment: collect station, paper selection and recycling plant, recyclables selection centers, wood recycling plant. It was possible to notice that program of selective waste collection was formulated with the objective to cover all urban population; it was implemented, putting planned actions into practice, but there are not monitoring and evaluation, that would produce administrative learning. Concerning cooperatives, the partnership with Semasa is not steady, members of cooperatives number has decreased and there are not actions to face parallels recyclables collects. In the other hand, the cooperatives guarantee to your members bigger income than in former occupations, stability and inclusion. As a conclusion, it is not satisfactory that a municipal program of selective waste collection that exists for more than 10 years, has door to door selective waste collection in 100% of urban area, collect stations is able to remove less than 3% of municipal solid waste from landfill. Therein it is necessary to change the paradigm: selective collection does not mean to offer the service; it is necessary to collect in a selective way, with people participation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/06963-0 - Municipal program of selective waste collection in Santo André - SP: a policy cycle study
Grantee:Marina Gonzalbo Cornieri
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master