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Project guidelines for urban settlements considering environmental assessment methods.

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Author(s):
Iara Negreiros
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Politécnica (EP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Alex Kenya Abiko; Claudio Tavares de Alencar; Marta Dora Grostein
Advisor: Alex Kenya Abiko
Abstract

As many world-wide developed assessment methods for sustanability of isolated buildings and their constituting systems performance, new environmental assessment systems have recently been proposed, taking into account neighborhood, land sub-division and urbanistic issues. They integrate principles of smart growth, sustainable development and green building, such as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design for Neighborhood Developments Rating System (LEED-ND), developed in the United States; Approche Environnementale de l\'Urbanisme (AEU), developed in France; Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) Sustainability Report Guidelines, developed by United Nations; and many others. With new sustainability paradigms and difficulties on dealing specifically with sustainable cities grows, there are needs on selecting criteria, strategies and measurable indicators in order to anchoring formulation, controlling implementation and evaluating results of the urban policies in sustainable basis, according to the proposed guidelines of Global and Brazilian Agendas 21. However, in the last decades, the urban growth has happened in a dispersed form, by displacement process of typically urban activities for the rural areas, observed by the urban spots disposal in satellites images, as many urban polar regions separated by rural or open lands. Inserted in this context called \"diffuse urbanization\", the land sub-division by plotting is a model of urban growth that would cause significative impacts in landscape and ecology and, consequently, in the activities of urban planning. Therefore, with the general purpose of identifying, analyzing and recommending guidelines, this paper brings qualitative and comparative critical analysis of the many locally and internationally environmental assessment methods for urban plotting, through a case study methodology for a residential plotting, the Gênesis Project, in Santana do Parnaíba, municipality of São Paulo metropolitan region. The results are a set of guidelines, that considers the requisites and criteria of each method, in order to help designers in urban plotting project process and to contribute the improvement of urban legislation by public agents. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/02703-5 - Analysis of environmental assessment methods for urban settlements
Grantee:Iara Negreiros
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master