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Operation and modeling of MOS transistors without junctions.

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Renan Trevisoli Doria
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Politécnica (EP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcelo Antonio Pavanello; Marco Isaías Alayo Chávez; José Alexandre Diniz; João Antonio Martino; Antonio Augusto Lisboa de Souza
Advisor: Marcelo Antonio Pavanello

In this work, a study of the Junctionless Nanowire Transistors (JNTs) is presented, focusing their modeling and analyzing their operation. The JNTs are heavily doped devices with a doping concentration constant from source to drain, without presenting doping gradients. They have been developed in order to avoid drain and source ion implantation, which requires rigorous controlled conditions to avoid dopants diffusion into the channel in extremely reduced devices (sub-20 nm). Therefore, these devices provide a higher scalability with a simplified fabrication process. Recent works on junctionless nanowire transistors modeling have considered long-channel (a length of 1 µm is commonly used) double-gate or cylindrical devices. Few works have presented the modeling of triple-gate JNTs and the temperature influence on the device operation. The goal of this work is the modeling of the threshold voltage, surface potential, conduction charge and drain current in triple-gate junctionless nanowire transistors. The models are derived from the solution of the Poisson equation with the appropriate boundary conditions and exhibit a great concordance with three-dimensional numerical simulations and experimental data even for devices with channel length of 30 nm. In the case of the threshold voltage, the higher error obtained between model and simulation was 33 mV, which represents an error lower than 5 %. A method for the threshold voltage extraction based on the equality of the drift and diffusion components of the drain current has also been presented. This method was also validated using simulated results, with a maximum error of 3 mV (lower than 0.5 %), and applied to experimental devices. The influence of the temperature on the threshold voltage has also been analyzed through the proposed model, the numerical simulations and the experimental data. It has been shown that the dependence of the ionized dopant concentration with the temperature due to the incomplete carrier ionization has a great influence on the threshold voltage. In the case of the surface potential and drain current modeling, a correction for the short channel effects has been proposed. The mean error has been lower than 12 % for the drain current curves and their derivatives when compared to the ones of experimental devices with a channel length of 30 nm. An analysis on the operation of the JNTs has been also performed, showing that the zero temperature coefficient point, in which the current is the same independent of the temperature, can or not exist depending on the series resistance and its dependence on the temperature. Finally, the operation of junctionless nanowire transistors in analog applications has been analyzed for devices of different dimensions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/00537-6 - Operation and Modeling of Junctionless MOSFETs in Cryogenic Environments
Grantee:Renan Trevisoli Doria
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate