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Quality of Longissimus thoracis e lumborum muscles of bulls and cows: influence of storage in modified atmosphere and vacuum

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Author(s):
Priscila Robertina dos Santos
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Solange Guidolin Canniatti Brazaca; Eduardo Francisquine Delgado; Anna Cecilia Venturini
Advisor: Carmen Josefina Contreras Castillo
Abstract

As a world leader in beef exports, Brazil has been adapting to the demands of international markets, investing in the application of new patterns of production and marketing. Among the developed and applied technologies by the meat industry, mainly in Europe and the United States, modified atmosphere packaging is designed to ensure quality during the marketing of fresh beef, centralizing operations, labeling and distribution of the product and extends life. Based on the foregoing, the present study was to evaluate the effect of vacuum packaging systems and modified atmosphere on quality parameters of meat from bulls and cows. Longissimus thoracis and Longissimus lumborum of both sexes were portioned into steaks, vacuum-packed in three types of modified atmospheres (75%O2/25%CO2, 60%CO2/0.2%CO/39.8%N2 and 40%CO2/0.4%CO/59.6%N2) and stored under refrigeration at 2ºC for a 28 days period. Were evaluated characteristics like color, pH, lipid and protein oxidation, myofibrillar fragmentation index, total collagen, shear force and cooking loss. Atmospheres containing CO have improved color stability of fresh beef during the trial period, resulting in a beef with the desirable red. Steaks packaged in atmosphere with O2 and vacuum had a lower color stability. There was no interference of the packaging types in the pH of meat, however, higher values were observed in all male beef compared to the females of discard. The oxidative stability, lipidic and proteic of meat, has been drastically affected by the presence of O2 in the pack, observing an accelerated oxidation process compared to anoxic packaging. The steaks showed gradual tenderization as corroborated by shear force and myofibrillar fragmentation index analysis, in different packaging systems, however, atmosphere containing CO favored an accelerated process of tenderization of the flesh when compared to vacuum and high-oxygen atmospheric. The total collagen content and the cooking losses by the steaks were not affected by different packaging systems and the long time of stocking. There were significant correlations (p < 0.05, 0.01, 0.0001) between certain parameters of meat quality for both muscles and sexes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/13559-0 - Muscle structure and oxidative stability of fresh beef muscle packed under vacuum and modified atmosphere.
Grantee:Priscila Robertina dos Santos Donado
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master