Advanced search
Start date

Performance and metabolism of dairy calves on conventional milk feeding receiving initial concentrate containing crude glycerin as a replacement for corn

Full text
Gustavo Guilherme Oliveira Napoles
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carla Maris Machado Bittar; Jane Maria Bertocco Ezequiel; Alexandre Mendonça Pedroso
Advisor: Carla Maris Machado Bittar

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the replacement of corn by crude glycerin in the starter concentrate on performance and energy metabolism of dairy calves. Twenty-four newborns Holstein calves were housed in individual shelters until the eighth week of age, fed 4 liters of milk / day and ad libitum water and concentrate. The animals were distributed in randomized blocks according to the birth date and birth weight, and assigned to one of the following treatments, in accordance with the inclusion of glycerin replacing corn in the starter concentrate: 1) 0% Crude glycerin, 2) 5% Crude glycerin; 3) 10% Crude glycerin. Milk-feeding was performed twice daily (07 and 17h) with commercial milk replacer (22% crude protein, 19% ether extract). The initial feed intake and fecal scores were recorded daily, while weighing and measurements of height at withers, heart girth and hip width were measured from second week to eighth week. From the second week of age, blood samples were collected once a week, two hours after morning feeding, for determination of plasma glucose, lactate, total proteins and &beta;-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentrations. Ruminal fluid was collected at 4, 6 and 8 weeks using an oro-ruminal probe and a suction pump for determination of pH and short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). At the end of eighth week of life, animals were slaughtered to evaluate development of the upper digestive tract and rumen papillae. Feed intake, average daily gain and body weight did not differ (P>0.05) among treatments. No differences was observed for body measurements (P>0.05). The fecal scores suggested low frequency of severe diarrhea in animals. Among the ruminal parameters, only propionate and acetate: propionate ratio were affected (P<0.05) by treatments, with smaller amounts of propionate for animals fed concentrate containing 5% of crude glycerin; and lower acetate: propionate ratio for animals receiving glycerin, because of the type of glycerol fermentation. Blood parameters (glucose, BHBA, total protein and lactate) were not affected by treatments (P<0.05), presenting adequate values. The total forestomach weight, the average weight of each compartment and the maximum capacity of reticulum-rumen were not affected by treatments, as well as the parameters for ruminal epithelium development. Crude glycerin can be used as an alternative energy source replacing corn up to 10% in the starter concentrate for milk-feeding dairy calves without affecting growth, development or animal metabolism. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/01411-9 - Changes in energy metabolism and the performance of dairy calves receiving conventional suckler initial concentrate containing glycerol substitution in the corn
Grantee:Gustavo Guilherme Oliveira Napoles
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master