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Body composition and proportions in females with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency

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Author(s):
Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Ciências Médicas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Gil Guerra Júnior; Miguel de Arruda; Ângela Maria Spínola Castro
Advisor: Gil Guerra Júnior
Abstract

Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (CAH-C-21OHD) is characterized by deficiency in the synthesis of cortisol, and, in some cases, also of aldosterone and by excess of androgens. The aim at of the study was to evaluate the body composition and body proportion of women with CAH-C-21OHD in relation to the control and the clinical form of the disease and to a group control of both sexes. The casuistic was composed by twenty-eight patient (cases group) female with CAH-C-21OHD were divided according to control (good or bad) and the clinical form of the disease (salt-wasting and simple-virilizing). The control group was composed by 112 healthy individuals of both sexes, divided in 2 groups, in agreement with the gender. To verify the effects of the puberty in the appraised measures, the 3 groups were subdivided in 3 age groups: up to 10 years, from 11 to 14 years and above 15 years. To evaluate body proportions and composition, anthropometric measurements and electric impedance were analyzed. The data of anthropometric measurements were converted in standard deviation scores (z). In relation to clinical form of the disease, the simple-virilizing presented values significantly larger of z of BMI, of the perimeter of the waist and of the fat area of the arm, and in the percentage of fat mass. In relation to disease control, the patients with bad control showed significantly lower leg length. The cases showed significantly higher values in relation to controls in z of BMI, arm muscle and fat area, brachial perimeter, of the waist and of the hip, of the biiliac diameter and in the fat percentage and smaller in z of the length of the leg and of the hand and in the percentages of water and lean mass. Alterations in the body composition were observed in all of the age groups, but they were if intensifying with the age, with the prevalence of the increase of the fat mass while the alterations in the body proportions if they turned more evident after the puberty, with main compromising of the extremities (leg, hand and foot). The more adjusted variables to explain the differences between cases and controls were percentage of fat mass, hand length and hip perimeter, comprising 94.7% of the differences between the groups. This group of patients showed differences in body proportions, but mainly in body composition, justifying a broad and careful anthropometric evaluation in the monitoring of CAH-C-21OHD patients (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/01978-0 - Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency: effect of hyperandrogenism in female proportion and composition
Grantee:Ezequiel Moreira Gonçalves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master