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The metalanguage and the terminologies for syntactic description in the history of Traditional Grammar, from Classical Antiquity until 19th century Portugal

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Rogério Augusto Monteiro Cardoso
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Thomas Daniel Finbow; Alessandro Jocelito Beccari; Francisco Eduardo Vieira da Silva; Mario Eduardo Viaro
Advisor: Olga Ferreira Coelho Sansone

This research is part of the area of Linguistic Historiography and has the primary objective of analyzing and interpreting metalanguage and syntactic terminologies throughout the centuries-old history of Grammar, from its Hellenic origins to the Portuguese grammarians of the 19th century. As the Portuguese grammarians are unequivocal heirs of the Alexandrian masters, the \'horizon of retrospection\' of the authors (cf. Auroux, 1992) had to be drawn from the beginnings of the area, in the second century BC, when the oldest known Western grammar appeared: the Tέχvη Γραμματική (Tékhnē Grammatikē), by Dionysius Thrax. Despite this epistemological link, the hypothesis suggested here is that the syntactic model used by Traditional Syntax, based on the subject-predicate binomial, is not a direct inheritance from Greek Grammar, but a later creation based on categories transferred from Logic. Through the layers model (SWIGGERS, 2005), it was possible to point out continuities and discontinuities between the works analyzed, which differ in terms of their foundations (theoretical layer), their metalanguage (technical layer), their data and linguistic information (documentary layer) and its historical context (contextual-institutional layer). The focus of the research is evidently on metalanguage. Thus, as one of the descriptive-interpretative products of this study, synoptic-analytical tables of their specialized lexicon were prepared for each of the twelve authors studied, which allow verifying permanencies and innovations in their multiple dimensions. In the end, it is shown that the Greco-Latin case categories - nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative and ablative - not only had the function of indicating nominal inflections in classical languages, but also served as what is today called phrase terms. At the end of the 18th century, when Portuguese grammatical thought began to operate on its own bases, such Greco-Latin categories were abandoned in favor of a syntactic model with a logical-relational basis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/21156-5 - The metalanguage and the terminologies for syntactical description in the Portuguese grammars of the 16th, 17th, 18th and 19th centuries: a historiographic scrutiny
Grantee:Rogério Augusto Monteiro Cardoso
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate