Advanced search
Start date

Engels against Dawkins? Gould, Levins, Lewontin and the reminiscences of engelsian dialectics in biology

Full text
Mikhael Lemos Paiva
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Marília. 2022-12-13.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciências. Marília
Defense date:
Advisor: Marcos Tadeu Del Roio

The following Master’s degree dissertation shows the results of a research aiming to measure the correlations and divergences between Engels' Philosophy and the theoretical-methodological conceptions of the so called "dialectical biologists", i..e, Stephen Jay Gould, Richard Levins and Lewontin. Initially describing the controversial Engelsian ontology - that sees dialectics in nature -, we assess its considerable influence on the on the philosophical formulations inside Marxism and the Contemporary Natural Sciences, in areas that vary between evolutionary genetics to Emergentism. Synthesizing soon after the project tied to this proposal - made during the graduation, in Brazil and abroad - we enter the area that, according to our data gathering, has the greatest Engelsian influence inside the Natural Sciences: Biology. Wishing to validate our hypothesis, viz., that the renowned biologists Gould, Levins and Lewontin are philosophical Engelsians, we put forward a study that related the main works and theories of these scientists with the notions of Friedrich Engels. With the deepening on a theme until now practically unexplored, together with the systematical analysis of material, we tried to accurately map the ascendency of Engelsianism inside Biology, inferring how dialectics relates to system theory, punctuational evolutionary models, the reductionism/holism dilemma, and other crucial points of debate contained not only in the Philosophy of Biology, but also in the Philosophy of Science in general. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/20402-2 - Engels against Dawkins? Gould, Levins, Lewontin and the reminiscences of engelsian dialectics in biology
Grantee:Mikhael Lemos Paiva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master