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Latin American modern architecture: an idea produced from Latin American Architecture since 1945 [1955]

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Laura Levi Costa Sousa
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Nilce Cristina Aravecchia Botas; Marcio Cotrim Cunha; Carlos Alberto Ferreira Martins
Advisor: Nilce Cristina Aravecchia Botas

In late 1955, the Museum of Modern Art in New York (MoMA) opened Latin American Architecture since 1945, an exhibition organized by architectural historian Henry-Russell Hitchcock, also author of the homonymous publication that accompanies it. This research comprehends that exhibition and publication as key pieces in the formulation of the canonical historiography of the architecture produced in Latin America. The main interest of the work is precisely to revisit the processes of elaboration of the discursive plot consolidated in the exhibition, recognizing it as the result of a heterogeneous set of interests that operate in multiple senses. Exhibition and publication will then be taken as historiographic products culturally constructed from the intersection of meanings circumscribed, on the one hand, to the disciplinary field of architecture regarding the revision that modernism will undergo in the second post-war period, and on the other, to the scope of ideological conflicts pressing at the dawn of the Cold War. Refusing to understand the discourse consolidated in Latin American Architecture since 1945 as a simple projection of the other from the center - but without denying power structures incident to its construction -, this research also intends to illuminate the action of Latin Americans individuals and endogenous dynamics that necessarily affect the production of this narrative. Looking at the 1955 exhibition in perspective, the research sought to debate the production of a particular image of Latin American modern architecture specifically in Hitchcock\'s discursive rhetoric, and with this, to introduce renewed explanations to the canonical historiography of modern architecture in Latin America. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/01038-8 - Latin American Modern Architecture: an idea built from Latin American Architecture since 1945 (1955)
Grantee:Laura Levi Costa Sousa
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master