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Theater of memory, theater of war: Maria Quitéria de Jesus in the construction of national imaginary (1823-1979)

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Nathan Yuri Gomes
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Estudos Brasileiros (IEB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Ana Paula Cavalcanti Simioni; Elaine Cristina Dias; Maria Ligia Coelho Prado
Advisor: Ana Paula Cavalcanti Simioni

This research aims to discuss the role of the visual representations of Maria Quitéria de Jesus (1792?-1853) in the formation of the Brazilian national imaginary. The first chapter discusses the genesis of the iconography of the combatant in the British traveling artists production. The two following chapters which form the first part of the work discuss the contexts of production and circulation of images of other heroines that emerged in the 19th century, such as the volunteer in the war against Paraguay (1864-1870), Jovita Alves Feitosa (1848-1867) and the martyr of the war of Independence, Joana Angélica de Jesus (1761-1822). The fourth chapter analyzes the process of institutionalization of the civic cult of Maria Quitéria between the end of the Second Reign (1840-1889) and the First Republic (1889-1930), based on a set of actions carried out by the Instituto Histórico Geográfico Brasileiro, the Instituto Geográfico e Histórico da Bahia and the Museu Paulista. Finally, the fifth chapter analyzes the re-elaborations of Maria Quitéria\'s memory since her centenary of death, in 1953. In this period, there was a spreading of the image of the combatant through the articulation between the government and civil society sectors. This chapter concludes by discussing how the Movimento Feminino pela Anistia converted Maria Quitéria into a symbol against authoritarianism at the end of the last civil-military dictatorship (1964-1985). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/19376-7 - To war, Americans, let's go with cruel swords: portrait, gender and national identity in Brazil (1820-1920)
Grantee:Nathan Yuri Gomes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master