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Redefinitions of urban space in medium cities of São Paulo: the relations between of structurals axises of urban mobility and the occupation of the bottom of valleys

Full text
Author(s):
Felipe Augusto Rainho Silva
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Renato Luiz Sobral Anelli; Sarah Feldman; Marta Dora Grostein; Luciana Rodrigues Fagnoni Costa Travassos
Advisor: Renato Luiz Sobral Anelli; Marcel Fantin
Abstract

The fast process of urbanization that Brazilian society has been through was certainly one of the major social issues of the country in the 20th century. During this period, in São Paulo, not only the capital, but also the inner cities began to expand quickly, initiating the formation of a network of cities, which made possible to establish the concept or notion of medium city. The idea of urban planning have become embedded in public policies and institutions that became responsible for the elaborations of urban plans and proposals for cities, in which stands out the Master Plans made by CPEU (Research Center and Urban Studies), in the years of 1950. Professionals of this institution worked in technical assistance for medium cities of São Paulo, guiding the elaboration of urban plans and organizing the planning sector within the administrative structure, besides establishing urbanistic proposals based on the concepts of city-garden and North American urbanism, in contrast to which has been implemented in the capital. Considering the particular characteristics of the urbanization processes of these cities, we analysed the expansion process of four cities in Sao Paulo (Bauru, Franca, Presidente Prudente e São José dos Campos), in attempt to understand: A. How was the process of expansion of the urban space of these cities, because of the implantation of new axes of urban mobility structure; B. The relation between the opening of new axes and the occupation of the valley bottom areas. Our analysis can be divided into three moments. The expansion of the first urban nuclei up until the time of the first Master Plans elaboration. The moment of its elaboration and its main directives. Finally, the process of its approval and how such public policies and the establishment of new axes of circulation redefined not only the processes of expansion of these cities but influenced the structuring of their intra-urban spaces. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/11676-0 - Redefinitions of urban space in medium cities of São Paulo: the relation between structural axes of urban mobility and the occupation of valleys bottom
Grantee:Felipe Augusto Rainho Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master