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Optimization of polysaccharide production of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6B in bioreactor

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Author(s):
Talita Souza Carmo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Martha Massako Tanizaki; Gabriel Padilla Maldonado; Francisco Maugeri Filho; Jose Geraldo da Cruz Pradella; Sally Müller Affonso Prado
Advisor: Martha Massako Tanizaki; Viviane Maimoni Gonçalves
Abstract

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major pathogen commonly responsible for pneumonia, bacteraemia, meningitis and otitis media, especially among young children and older adults. The most prominent pneumococcal virulence factor is the capsular polysaccharide (PS), which coats the surface of the bacterium and acts as an antiphagocytic factor in vivo. S. pneumoniae express at least 91 distinct capsules which are chemically and serologically distinct. The capsule is currently used as antigen in pneumococcal vaccines, either as free polysaccharide or conjugated to proteins. Pneumococcal serotype 6B is the second most prevalent in Brazil and the optimization of cultivation conditions is part of this study. Simultaneously we investigated the influence of the growth phase of the inoculum and the residual glucose concentration at the instant of the pulse or the start of feeding on PS production in batch and fed-batch cultivation. Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6B strain ST 433/03 was used. Bench scale experiments were carried out using a variant of the Hoeprich medium, containing glucose, acid-hydrolyzed casein, dialyzed yeast extract, L-glutamine and asparagine as nitrogen sources, choline as a growth factor and salts. The experiments were conducted in bioreactors monitored by the LabView 7.1program. It was observed in fed-batch cultivation, that the lower was the OD of the starter culture, the higher was the PS concentration obtained. The residual glucose concentration at the moment of the pulse also influenced the PS production: the PS production was higher when the pulse was given at higher residual glucose concentration. Hence, in fed-batch culture the highest PS production (387 mg/L) was obtained using an OD=1.6 of the starter culture and giving the pulse when the residual glucose was ~15 g/L. Using a similar inoculum (OD=1.65), the PS concentration reached 248 mg/L after giving the pulse when the residual glucose was 4.5 g/L. The lowest PS production was obtained when a culture with an OD=2.6 was inoculated into the reactor and the pulse was given when the residual glucose was 3.4 g/L (PS=194 mg/L). The effect of the residual glucose concentration at the instant of the start of feeding on PS production was probably influenced by the presence of other components in the concentrated feeding medium, which could better fit the nutritional requirements of the microorganism. The physiological state of the inoculum showed an important correlation to the PS production in batch and fed-batch cultivation of S. pneumoniae serotype 6B: mid-log phase inocula yielded high PS production. This correlation is consequence of the in vitro growth profile, the action of lytic enzymes after the log phase. In fed-batch cultivation, it was also observed a synergic effect of the inoculum OD and the residual glucose concentration in the moment of the pulse on PS production. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/07190-1 - Optimization of polysaccharide production of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6B in bioreactor
Grantee:Talita Souza Carmo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)