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Cytotoxicity and inducing effect of mineralization of flavonoids on osteoblastic cells.

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Rafaela Laruzo Rabelo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Araçatuba. 2021-08-05.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Odontologia. Araçatuba
Defense date:
Advisor: Cristiane Duque

Dental bone loss and the formation of periapical lesions arise as a consequence of imbalance of bone homeostasis. Osteoblasts, together with osteoclasts and osteocytes, act in bone formation and resorption. Several markers of bone formation are produced by active osteoblasts and reflect different aspects of osteoblastic differentiation and bone remodeling. Thus, many authors have explored the use of phytotherapics in order to obtain new compounds with therapeutic properties, such as flavonoids, and also stimulate bone neoformation and periapical region repair. The objective of this study was to evaluate in vitro the cytotoxicity and inducing effect of flavonoid mineralization on human osteoblastic cells. For this, osteoblastic cells of the Saos-2 lineage were exposed to the following flavonoids: quercetin, myricetin and its derivatives taxifoline, isoquercitrin, rutin, ampelopsin and EGCG, in addition to pinocembrin, chrysin and kaempferol, in an isolated and combined manner. The cytotoxic effect, the activity of alkaline phosphatase and the induction of mineralization nodules were evaluated. The results were analyzed using the Shapiro-Wilk method, and the variables were submitted to ANOVA analysis followed by the Tukey test to compare between groups and/or concentrations or Dunnett's test to compare between each group and the control, with a level of 5% significance. The viability of the osteoblast culture did not have a statistically significant reduction in the presence of most compounds, except 100 μM chrysin. Taxifoline, isoquercitrin, rutin, ampelopsin and EGCG were the compounds that significantly stimulated the activity of alkaline phosphatase, together with the combinations taxifoline+isoquercitrin, taxifoline+ampelopsin and taxifoline+rutin at 25/25 μM. As for the formation of mineralization nodules, ampelopsin, isoquercitrin, rutin, pinocembrin and myricetin alone and taxifoline+isoquercitrin, taxifoline+ampelopsin and taxifoline+rutin combined obtained the best results, varying according to the concentrations. It is concluded that taxifoline, isoquercitrin, rutin and ampelopsin and combinations of taxifoline with these flavonoids are cytocompatible and have a mineralization-inducing effect on Saos-2 osteoblasts. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/02129-7 - Cytotoxicity and inducing effect of mineralization of flavonoids on osteoblastic cells
Grantee:Rafaela Laruzo Rabelo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master