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Analysis of nanometric porosity of lignocellulosic materials derived from bagasse sugarcane and submitted to wet pressing

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Author(s):
Marcelo Miranda de Oliveira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carlos Eduardo Driemeier; Maria Teresa Borges Pimenta Barbosa; Holmer Savastano Junior
Advisor: Antonio Aprígio da Silva Curvelo
Abstract

In this work we investigate the nanometric porosity of lignocellulosic materials derived from sugarcane bagasse and tested for wet pressing. The production of the studied materials from sugarcane bagasse employed hydrothermal treatments followed by organosolv (ethanol-water) and soda (sodium hydroxide) delignifications. For the hydrothermal treatments, we used bagasse fiber fractions in crude and milled states, following the factorial experimental design of 2² with central point plus star configuration. Hydrothermal treatment used temperatures of 150-190°C and times of 20-60 minutes. The delignification processes used temperatures of 160°C and 190°C for the soda and organosolv, respectively, with treatment times of 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 minutes. Wet pressing was carried out with loads of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 tons and showed that materials with small and homogeneous particles such as the ground materials and the pulps are easier to compress and form a mass of material. However, the tests showed that the compressed materials are not homogeneous, presenting variations in the moisture content of the compressed materials (the center of the tablets were dryer than the periphery). Densification of the materials is also not uniform, the center being denser than the periphery. Water loss during compression was 74-85% for hydrothermally treated material, 66-85% for soda pulps and 81-94% for organosolv pulps. Thermoporometry analysis showed that appreciable fraction of the nanoscale porosity of the delignified materials collapse with the lowest applied pressures (21 MPa). Pressure increments (up to 107 MPa) promotes comparatively much lower reduction on nanoscale porosity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/14746-9 - Wet pressing of sugarcane bagasse submitted to different treatments: evolution of porosity and effects of composition
Grantee:Marcelo Miranda de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master