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Molecular mechanisms associated with palmitate-induced atrophy in C2C12 cells.

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Ailma Oliveira da Paixão
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB/SDI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Alice Cristina Rodrigues; Robson Francisco Carvalho; Julio Cesar Batista Ferreira; Leonardo dos Reis Silveira
Advisor: Alice Cristina Rodrigues

The present study aims to evaluate the mechanisms by which palmitic acid induces atrophy or affects regeneration of C2C12 cells. The effect of AP (0, 100 and 150 <font face = \"symbol\">mM) on myotube formation of C2C12 cells were evaluated 0-5 days of differentiation. In order to induce muscular atrophy in vitro, myotubes were differentiated for 5 days and treated with AP 100 <font face = \"symbol\">mM or vehicle for 48h. In proliferating myoblasts MTT, LDH and TUNEL assays and cellular growth curves were performed in AP or vehicle-treated C2C12 cells so as to evaluate cytotoxicity and cell proliferation and the healing assay to analyze myoblasts regeneration. After 1 to 5 days of differentiation and treatment with AP, 100 and 150 <font face = \"symbol\">mM concentrations induced a reduction in the size and diameter of type 1 and 2 fibers formed without affecting cell viability or induce aopotosis in C2C12 cell line in comparison to the control. However, AP induced an increase in MyHC type 2 fibers whether reduced MyHC type 1 fibers. While 100 <font face = \"symbol\">mM AP did not affect cell proliferation, 150 <font face = \"symbol\">mM AP reduces C2C12 cellular proliferation, and after injury, the healing is not complete after 16h of the injury. mRNA expression of the myogenic markers (MyoD, Mstn, Myf5, MyH7 and miomesine) and of the muscle-specific microRNAs were evaluated in differentiated myotubes treated or not with AP (0-5 days). We observed an altered time pattern of expression of myogenic markers and of miR-1, miR-133a and miR- 206, which probably occurs to maintain cell differentiation. After 1 day of differentiation and treatment with AP 100 and 150 <font face = \"symbol\">mM, it was observed an increased expression of atrogin-1, possibly indicating a greater protein degradation. After 5 days of differentiation and 48h-treatment with AP, we observed reduction of myotube diameter, characterizing the atrophy process, increased expression of miR-133a and 206, and no changes were observed in the proteins related to protein synthesis and degradation analyzed. In conclusion, AP reduces myotube differentiation inducing myotube atrophy by decreasing myogenic markers and accelerating protein degradation and promotes a change in type 1 and 2 fibers proportion. In myotubes, the mechanisms by wich AP induces myotube atrophy seems to involve an increase in miR-133a and miR-206 expression. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/09173-3 - Molecular mechanisms associated to palmitate induced atrophy in C2C12 cells
Grantee:Ailma Oliveira da Paixão
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master