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Analysis of matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors in heart tissue of chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy patients

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Monique Andrade Baron
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Edecio Cunha Neto; Barbara Maria Ianni
Advisor: Edecio Cunha Neto

Chronic Chagas Cardiomyopathy (CCC) is an inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy characterized by cardiac remodeling, a myocarditis rich in T cells and macrophages, hypertrophy and fibrosis. This affects 30% of patients infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). Patients with CCC have a poorer prognosis and survival when compared with cardiomyopathy patients with non-inflammatory etiology, such as idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). In cardiac remodeling process, there is a restructuring of the extracellular matrix (ECM), largely mediated by proteins such as proteolytic enzymes, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their specific inhibitors (TIMPs). The alteration and/or activity of some these particular enzymes is associated with cardiovascular disease. Taking this into account, the hypothesis of this study is that the expression profile and activity of MMPs and their TIMPs inhibitors in the CCC will be different from those found in IDC. The gene expression was evaluated by qRT-PCR, the MMP protein expression: -1, -2, -3, -8, -9, -12-13 and EMMPRIN by \"Western blotting\" and the following TIMP inhibitors: -1 , -2, -3, -4 and RECK and MMP-2 and -9 activity by zymography, in myocardial samples (left ventricle) of CCC and IDC patients and organ donors (Control) obtained upon transplantation. Although some of these changes in the expression of MMPs, TIMPs and RECK were shared with the IDC, we observed that patients with CCC have increased MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity and exclusive increase in MMP-9 protein. Through the ratio of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity with protein expression of TIMPs and RECK inhibitors, we found that the increase in MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity and the decrease in TIMP: -1, -2, -3, and -4 and TIMP -1, -2 and -3, respectively, in myocardial samples of CCC patients causes an imbalance in their activation and inhibition, contributing to the myocardium remodeling. The fraction of interstitial collagen as stained by Picrosirius Red, indicates increase in collagen in patients with CCC and IDC, indicating that the increase of MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity is modulating the synthesis and conformation of collagen organization, contribute to fibrosis in patients with CCC. Aiming to verify whether these MMPs and their inhibitors would be under post-transcriptional regulation, we performed in silico analysis and it was identified 8 microRNAs (miR): miR-21, miR-29-5p, miR-146a-5p, miR-155-5p , miR-188-5p, miR-214-3p, miR-491-5p and miR885-5p, but no correlation was found with the MMPs and their inhibitors, suggesting that these proteins are not under post-transcriptional regulation by miRs analyzed. Together our results suggest that differential expression of MMPs and their TIMPs inhibitors studied contribute to fibrosis, myocardial remodeling and cardiac dysfunction observed in patients with CCC. Thus, this work may help in elucidating the development of mechanisms of the pathogenesis of Chagas disease (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/11483-0 - Analysis of Metalloproteinases and Their Inhibitors in Chagas disease cardiomyopathy: Role of miRNAs in its Post-Transcriptional Regulation
Grantee:Monique Andrade Baron
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master