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Variation in the mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors genes and proteomics implications for meat quality in cattle of Nellore breed

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Mirele Daiana Poleti
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Zootecnica e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZE/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Júlio Cesar de Carvalho Balieiro; Carmen Josefina Contreras Castillo; Luiz Lehmann Coutinho; João Alberto Negrao
Advisor: Júlio Cesar de Carvalho Balieiro

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is the main neuroendocrine system involved in the regulation and adaptation in stress response and the primary hormone secreted is cortisol. Cortisol exerts its effects through the mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid (GR) receptors. Variations in the genes of these receptors have been associated with sensitivity to glucocorticoids and changes in the metabolic profile. The general objective of this work was to understand the variability in relation to physiological responses of cattle through identification of genetic polymorphisms in genes involved in stress response and, checking the consequences of this genetic variation in meat quality traits. Thus, three approaches have been proposed: (1) evaluate the incidence of DFD meat (dark, firm and dry) and its impact on metabolics, endocrines profiles and meat quality traits, since stress is the major factor that lead to this unfavorable condition; (2) evaluate the contribution of genetic factors through identification single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the MR and GR gene and its association with the measured traits; (3) evaluate the effects of these polymorphisms on the protein profile of bovine muscle. A total of 241 Nellore cattle were used. The results evidenced direct implications of 24 hours pH post-mortem in color attributes and cooking losses. The incidence of DFD meat (pH >= 5.8) was 18.7%. The polymorphisms identified demonstrated to influence some on measured characteristics. The NR3C2_1 and NR3C2_2 SNPs in MR gene were associated with muscle glycogen content and post-mortem adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) plasma levels and, the NR3C1_1 SNP in GR was associated with post-mortem cortisol plasma levels. The proteomic analysis demonstrated that most proteins regulated by these SNPs are involved in muscle contraction, metabolism and cellular defense. Therefore, it is possible to infer that pH has impact on meat quality traits and MR and GR polymorphisms lead to changes in the HPA axis activity, metabolic profile and protein muscle profile, suggesting that these genes are involved in a complexity of functions and may be targets for studies on production systems to improve productivity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/07057-0 - Variation in the mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors gene and proteomics implications for meat quality in cattle of Nellore breed
Grantee:Mirele Daiana Poleti
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate