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Social housing in consolidated urban centers: analysis of projects elaborated in the city of São Paulo and in Madri (2004-2014)

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Cássia Bartsch Nagle
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Leandro Silva Medrano; Paulo Julio Valentino Bruna; Francisco Borges Filho
Advisor: Leandro Silva Medrano

The process of urbanization of Brazilian cities has recently followed a horizontal expansion model, with the construction of new districts far from urban centers, and with housing construction on the outskirts of the cities. Among the problems originating from this, one should emphasize the occupation of increasingly larger areas, the environmental problems, the occupation of protected areas and risk areas, the social problems, the gentrification, the land speculation, the distancing from workplaces, the lack of adequate infrastructure and the problems with slums or substandard housing and poor quality housing. In response, architects and city planners have been pointing out for decades the necessity of "returning to the center", assigning to housing, among other solutions, the potentiality for improvement of dense and consolidated central areas. Despite extensive research on the topic, at present, there still are lacunas in the bibliography, mainly regarding the critical analysis on recent practices and on the formulation of new theories. Thus, the objective of this research is to analyze the methodological, theoretical and project possibilities in contemporary architecture and city planning for social housing projects in consolidated urban centers. With this purpose, projects of social housing in the central area of the city of São Paulo were analyzed, and documents about the topic of social housing in Brazil were collected and organized. All this was done in an effort to contribute to the process of elaboration of new projects for housing programs and to contribute towards filling the lacuna that exists in the bibliography. In addition, these Brazilian projects were contrasted to Spanish projects of a similar nature, elaborated in central areas of Madrid, in the beginning of the 21st century; the analysis and comparison of the theoretical, technical and methodological basis of both sets of projects were made. The case studies reveal good project solutions concerned with the urban context and the quality of the results. In this manner, this research aims at contributing to the discussion on housing production in the country, in contrast to the reality in Spain (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/12321-3 - Social housing in consolidated urban centers: analysis of projects developed in the city of São Paulo and in Madri (2004-2012)
Grantee:Cássia Bartsch Nagle
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master