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Verbal repertoire teaching in early childhood education: an observational study

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Claudia Daiane Batista Bettio
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Andreia Schmidt; Ana Raquel Lucato Cianflone; Sergio Vasconcelos de Luna; Deisy das Graças de Souza
Advisor: Andreia Schmidt

The development of verbal repertoires is recognized as being fundamental to insert the individual into the culture. Researches have indicated that there are characteristics of adult-child interaction, which, when present from a very early age, favor this development. The school is a privileged context for the child to develop verbal repertoires. In Brazil, early childhood education aims to promote the integral development (including language) of children from 0 to 5 years old. Therefore, one of the objectives of this study was to verify the presence of structural and interaction conditions (adult-child), which the literature highlights as being important for children\'s language learning in municipal schools for early childhood education. In addition, it aimed to compare the same conditions in preschool classes of children with different ages (approximately 2 years old - Maternal I and 4 years old - Etapa I). For that, an exploratory field research was carried out, with an observational method. Two groups participated in the study, one with children who were approximately 3 years old (Maternal I - M1) and the other 4 years (Etapa I - E1) when the research was started. In total, there were 35 children and their respective teachers. The procedure involved five steps: i) entrance into the classrooms and evaluation of the children; ii) observations and filming in the classroom; iii) analysis of the school environment, interview with teachers and filling of standardized scales; iv) devolutive for schools; v) transcription and categorized analysis of filming. Data analysis was done by recording the frequencies (absolute and relative) of each category, for each class. Pearson\'s correlation coefficient was calculated to verify if students\' performances in the language test correlated with how much they spoke in class. The results indicate that the children who were better evaluated for language were also the ones who spoke the most during the lessons. In both groups, students spoke more verbal responses strictly related to what teachers had asked. But the students at E1 started more interactions with the teacher, asked more questions and answered by making more expansions to what the teacher had asked. The teachers, on the other hand, arranged very similar contingencies for the two classes: they issued more verbal responses that did not support children\'s language development (e.g., closed-ended questions and instructions related to the activity); they spoke the same word variability; and organized activities that demanded performances with the same level of complexity for the two age groups. School conditions were well evaluated only in terms of the quality of interactions and personal care provided to children, but not about structural conditions that effectively favored quality academic activities. These results indicate that the school, as an institution in which there must be cultural agents who teach verbal repertoires to the children, has been accomplishing little its role (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/09636-6 - Verbal repertoire learning at preschool education: an exploratory study
Grantee:Claudia Daiane Batista Bettio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master