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Characterization and evaluation of the protective capacity of the immunogenic peptides of Sporothrix brasiliensis.

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Author(s):
José Roberto Fogaça de Almeida
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sandro Rogerio de Almeida; Leila Maria Lopes Bezerra
Advisor: Sandro Rogerio de Almeida
Abstract

Sporotrichosis is a chronic disease, which involves the subcutaneous tissue affecting humans and animals caused by the thermodymorphic fungus Sporothrix spp. Sporotrichosis is endemic in Latin America, mainly in Brazil that had the largest zoonotic outbreak ever recorded, occurring in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The Sporothrix brasiliensis is the species more diagnosed in the outbreak and most virulent, causing severe forms of the disease. Sporotrichosis in cats is endemic, fatal and the main factors due to the high number of cases of the disease in Rio de Janeiro. The treatment is long, and has not been enough to contain the number of cases of sporotrichosis. A vaccine against sporotrichosis could change this paradigm in Brazil. The present work obtained the proteome of S. brasiliensis 5110 strain by 2D electrophoresis, and characterized and identified possible immunogenic proteins by mass spectrometry. By prediction programs were evaluated and synthesized 7 peptide sequence from antigenic proteins that have the highest chances of coupling to the MHC class II molecule. From these 7 peptides only 3 were able to induce proliferation in vitro, called ZR3, ZR4 and ZR8 peptides, that were used as a vaccine in subcutaneous sporotrichosis and evaluated their efficacy through fungal load, lesion diameter, cell profile and cytokine levels. We conclude that ZR8 peptide was the best candidate for sporotrichosis vaccine, since it was able to decrease the lesion diameter, increase the levels of protective cytokines (IFN-γ, IL-17A and IL-1β) and increase the number of CD4+ T cells and CD3-/CD19+ inducing a protective immune response in subcutaneous sporotrichosis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/08175-7 - Characterization and evaluation of the protective capability of Sporothrix brasiliensis immunogenic peptides
Grantee:José Roberto Fogaça de Almeida
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate