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Vasopressin and oxytocin secretion after osmotic and hypovolemic stimuli in sepsis surviving animals

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Author(s):
Lucas Favaretto Tazinafo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maria Jose Alves da Rocha; Rafael Simone Saia; Angelita Maria Stabile
Advisor: Maria Jose Alves da Rocha
Abstract

Many clinical and experimental studies reported the increase of plasma vasopressin (AVP) concentration in the early phase of sepsis, as an attempt to restore blood pressure that begins to decrease at this stage. However, in a later stage of the disease, the hormone concentrations are reduced even under a state of progressive hypotension, one of the major stimulus for the increase of secretion of this hormone. This pattern of impaired hormonal secretion during sepsis also seems to happen to the other pituitary hormone, oxytocin (OT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the secretion of the hormones AVP and OT after osmotic and hipovolemic stimuli in sepsis surviving animals. Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) (1 perforation with 14G needle) and the animals observed for 10 days. The survivors were submited to osmotic stimulus by dehydration (privation of drinking water from the Cage) for two days, or hipovolemic by intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of polyethylene glycol (PEG) (PEG-4000, 200mg/ml of PBS) for 90 minutes. The control animals were hydrated or that received intraperitoneal injection of PBS 0,01M. After the stimuli, the animals were decapitated for the collection of blood and neurohypophysis, for the analysis of hematocrit, serum sodium, plasma osmolality and hormonal analysis of AVP and OT in the plasma and neurohypophysis. Results: Sepsis surviving animals maintained the capacity of answering the stimulus with AVP secretion. But these animals presented a lowered secretion of OT after dehydration, while they presented no alterations in secretion after volemic stimulus. Conclusion: Sepsis surviving animals presented alterations in the pattern of hormonal answer for the osmotic stimulus, with lowered secretion of OT, apparently there are no alterations in the pattern of a hormonal secretion after hypovolemia. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/16035-5 - Vasopressin and oxytocin secretion after osmotic and hipovolemic stimuli in sepsis surviving animals
Grantee:Lucas Favaretto Tazinafo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master