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Longitudinal study of clinical, laboratorial and imaging aspects of MOG-IgG positive patients

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Luana Michelli Oliveira de Paula Salles
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Douglas Kazutoshi Sato; Daniel Ciampi Araujo de Andrade; Jefferson Becker; Samira Luisa dos Apóstolos Pereira
Advisor: Douglas Kazutoshi Sato; Dagoberto Callegaro

Introduction: The MOG-IgG-associated disease has been recently recognized as different from multiple sclerosis and neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders. The main phenotypes associated with MOG-IgG are optic neuritis, myelitis and encephalitis. Although there is a growing body of evidence in the literature, the role of longitudinal MOG-IgG analysis is still unknown. The objectives of this study were: 1) to describe clinical and laboratorial aspects of MOG-IgG positive patients; 2) to study the differences between monophasic and relapsing group in clinical and laboratorial aspects; 3) to analyze predictors factors associated with risk of recurrence; 4) to investigate if the persistence of MOG-IgG is associated with risk of relapses; 5) to compare clinical and laboratorial aspects of MOG-IgG patients with NMOSD AQP4-IgG positive and negative patients. Methods: After assessment of eligibility in 574 subjects, 31 patients have been included. These patients have been divided in two groups, according to the course of the disease, if monophasic or relapsing. They have been followed for two years. During this period, annual blood samples have been collected to detect MOG-IgG and AQP4-IgG. Results: optic neuritis (ON) phenotype was frequent in both, monophasic and relapsing group; there were no statistically significant differences between them. Myelitis predominates in the relapsing group, with no significance though. The risk of recurrence is increased by having ON OR 3,66 (CI 95 % 1,03- 29,91) (p 0,048). In a logistic regression analysis, when the patient had ON in the first attack, we found a 75 % probability of having ON in the second attack. When analyzing myelitis, the risk of having a second myelitis as a phenotype was 80%. There were significant differences in EDSS scores between monophasic and relapsing patients (p 0,013). Good outcomes have been found when evaluating EDSS scores and visual acuity at the last visit. Immunossupressor treatment has significantly reduced the number of relapses (p < 0,001). When analyzing longitudinal MOG-IgG samples, relapses have been associated with positive serostatus and the immunosuppressor treatment has significantly reduced the proportion of MOG-IgG positivity. High MOG-IgG titers have been associated with higher proportion of optic neuritis relapses. Monophasic patients became MOG-IgG negative during follow-up, as well as relapsing patients on clinical remission (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/23968-6 - Linically suspected neuromyelitis optica associated to anti-MOG antibodies
Grantee:Luana Michelli Oliveira de Paula Salles
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)