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Characterization of Achyrocline satureoides inflorescence extract actions on the neutrophils role in inflammation

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Éric Diego Barioni
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sandra Helena Poliselli Farsky; Sérgio Faloni de Andrade; Joilson de Oliveira Martins
Advisor: Sandra Helena Poliselli Farsky

Achyrocline satureoides (Lam) D.C., popularly known as \"marcela\", is popularly used to treat several diseases, such as gastric and intestinal disorders, inflammation, diabetes and others. As the mechanisms of the extract of A. satureoides have not been elucidated, this study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of the crude hydroalcoholic extract of the flowers of A. satureoides, focusing on migration and phagocytic and microbicidal neutrophils function. The hydroalcoholic extract was administered by gavage (50, 100 and 250mg/kg) into male Wistar rats, adult, and inflammation was induced by injection of lipopolysaccharide E. coli (LPS; 2 mL of solution; 500µg/mL in PBS) into the dorsal subcutaneous tissue (air pouch model). Control animals received equivalent volume of extract vehicle or indomethacin solution (30mg/kg). It was quantified the numbers of neutrophils (Neubauer chamber and stained smears by Panoptic) and concentrations of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and CINC-1 (ELISA) in the focus of the injury; the leukocyte-endothelium interactions in mesenteric venules of the microcirculation after stimulation by LPS (30µg/40µL; intravital microscopy); the adhesion molecules and toll-like receptor (TLR-4) expressions and quantification of oxidative burst and phagocytosis in circulating neutrophils (flow cytometry); histological analysis and the hepatic markers (AST, ALT and gamma-GT) and kidney (urea and creatinine) concentrations in plasma by spectrophotometry. Data obtained showed that the treatment reduced the numbers of neutrophils and concentrations of LTB4 and CINC-1 in the subcutaneous tissue; reduced the TLR4 expression by circulating neutrophils and the number of β2-integrin- and L-selectin-positive neutrophils; inhibited the leukocyte adhesion and the rolling behavior to vascular endothelium; reduced the burst evoked by PMA; increased the phagocytosis without changing the burst induced by Staphylococcus aureus; and did not alter the tissue morphology and concentration of hepatic and renal enzymes in the serum. Together, these data suggest that dose, apparently non-toxic, of extract of A. satureoides exerts anti-inflammatory effect in vivo, quantified by the reduced migration and by interference in the phagocytic and microbicidal activities of neutrophils. (AU)

Grantee:Eric Diego Barioni
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master