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Genetic characterization and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains present at a teaching hospital

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Laís Calissi Brisolla Tavares
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carlos Henrique Camargo; Silvia Figueiredo Costa; Milena Dropa; Rosemeire Cobo Zanella Ramos
Advisor: Carlos Henrique Camargo

Species of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-A. baumannii Complex (ACB) are important causes of Healthcare Associated Infections worldwide. More relevant are isolates with antimicrobial resistance, which have a negative impact on the outcome, mortality and costs associated with patient care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity and the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of 134 multiresistant ACB spcies strains present at Botucatu Medical School Teaching Hospital between 2007 and 2014. Identification of A. baumannii species was by detection of blaOXA-51-like and gltA genes, detected in 85% (n=114) of the isolates. Non-baumannii Acinetobacter species were identified by gene sequencing as A. nosocomialis (n=4, 3.1%), A. ursingii, A. variabilis, A. gyllenbergii (n=1, 0.9% each) and Acinetobacter spp (n=2; 1.7%). A. baumannii isolates were submitted to multiplex PCR for other oxacillinases and ISAba1 detection, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, molecular typing by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), trilocus sequence typing (3LST) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). blaOXA-23-like gene was detected in 105 isolates (92.1%), of which 100% were associated with ISAba1; blaOXA-72 was present in one isolate (0.9%) and blaOXA-231, in two isolates (1.7%). The majority (n=66; 57.9%) of isolates were classified as extensively resistant (XDR). The PFGE grouped the isolates into 11 clusters (A-K) and MLST identified the isolates belonging mainly to CC79 (42.4%), CC1 (16.6%), CC15 (12.1%) and ST317 (18.2%). MLST and 3LST results were 95.6% concordant. We verified the occurrence of different PFGE profiles in multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) A. baumannii, predominantly presenting ISAba1/OXA-23-like genes and belonging to CC1, CC15, CC79 and ST317. There was a prevalence of ST317 in the early years and CC79 (ST730) from 2011 to 2014. Our results highlight the importance of surveillance and control of multiresistant pathogens (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/13179-4 - Genetic diversity and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of multidrug-resistant strains of Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-A. baumannii complex in a teaching hospital
Grantee:Laís Calissi Brisolla Tavares
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master