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Identification and expression analysis of human intronic noncoding RNAs

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Author(s):
Helder Takashi Imoto Nakaya
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sérgio Verjovski Almeida; Hugo Aguirre Armelin; Fernando Luíz de Lucca; Carla Columbano de Oliveira; Luís Fernando Lima Reis
Advisor: Sérgio Verjovski Almeida
Abstract

In this work, we show large-scale studies of antisense noncoding RNAs transcribed from intronic regions of human genes. The correlation of expression levels of some intronic transcripts to the degree of tumor differentiation in prostate cancer points to the biological relevance of these messages in complex diseases such as cancer. We also evaluated the existence of a common mechanism of regulation of transcription shared by protein-coding mRNAs and intronic RNAs by measuring the effect of androgen on the transcriptional profile of a prostate cancer cell line. Survey of mRNA and EST public databases revealed more than 55,000 Totally Intronic Noncoding (TIN) RNAs transcribed from the introns of 74% of all unique RefSeq genes. Guided by this information, we designed an oligoarray platform containing sense and antisense probes for each of 7,520 randomly-selected TIN transcripts plus probes for the corresponding protein-coding genes. We identified exonic and intronic tissue-specific expression signatures for human liver, prostate and kidney. The most highly expressed antisense TIN RNAs were transcribed from introns of proteincoding genes enriched in the \"Regulation of transcription\" class. RNA Polymerase II inhibition resulted in increased expression of a fraction of the intronic RNAs in cell cultures, suggesting that other RNA polymerases may be involved in their biosynthesis. A subset of intronic and protein-coding signatures transcribed from the same genomic loci has correlated expression patterns, suggesting that intronic RNAs regulate the abundance or the pattern of exon usage in protein-coding messages. We have identified diverse intronic RNA expression patterns, indicating that they may have regulatory roles. This gene-oriented approach, using a combined intronic/exonic microarray should permit further comparative analysis of intronic transcription under various physiological and pathological conditions, thus advancing current knowledge about the biological functions of these noncoding RNAs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 02/02689-1 - Identification and characterization of prostate tumor marker candidates
Grantee:Helder Takashi Imoto Nakaya
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)