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Determination of the minimum anesthetic concentrations of isofluorane and sevofluorane in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) and evaluation of these anesthetics under different oxygen inspired fractions

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André Nicolai Elias da Silva
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Pirassununga.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Zootecnica e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZE/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Adriano Bonfim Carregaro; Silvia Renata Gaido Cortopassi; Daniele dos Santos Martins; Paulo Sergio Patto dos Santos
Advisor: Adriano Bonfim Carregaro

The Magellanic penguin is the most present penguin species in Brazilian coast. It is frequent in the marine animal clinic, victims of disorientation, pollution, fishing and other anthropic actions. The objective of this study was to establish the minimum anesthetic concentrations (MAC) of isofluorane and sevoflurane in Magellanic penguins and later evaluate them under the influence of different inspired fractions of O2 (FiO2). Twenty adult animals, healthy and without distinction as to sex, were used. During the first stage, we focused on the establishment of MAC for both anesthetics. The animals were initially submitted to physical restraint and sequentially induced anesthesia with the aid of facial mask, followed by tracheal intubation, after adequate induction and subsequent maintenance under controlled ventilation, for both halogenates. MAC determination was performed according to the up-and-down design. In this way, each animal was exposed once to a predetermined anesthetic concentration, for a period of 15 minutes, followed by the application of an electric stimulus. According to the answer obtained, the next animal was submitted increased by 0.1 fraction (positive response) or reduced by 0.1 (negative response). To perform the second step, 12 animals were divided between the isofluorane and sevofluoran groups, with 6 individuals in each. All animals were anesthetized and maintained with 1 MAC of each halogenated, obtained in the first step, both anesthetic agents being diluted in fractions of 1.0, 0.6, 0.4 and 0.2 of O2. The penguins were kept under anesthesia for 80 minutes, and every 20 minutes the O2 fraction was changed, by lot, followed by a Latin square model. They were monitored during anesthesia FC, FR, PAS, MAP, PAD, temperature, pH, HCO3-, PaO2 and PaCO2 and electrolytes (Na+ and K+). The MAC values for isofluorane and sevoflurane were 1.91 V% and 3.53 V% respectively. In view of these results, FiO2 of 1.0, 0.6 and 0.4 were shown to be safe for Magellanic penguins anesthetized with 1 MAC of isofluorane or sevofluorane maintained under controlled ventilation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/19796-0 - Determination of the minimum anesthetic concentration of isoflurane and sevoflurane in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) and evaluation of anesthesia under different fractions of inspired oxygen
Grantee:André Nicolai Elias da Silva
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)